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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85


Robert W. Patterson and Paul A. Meyers

Perennial, open or cespitose
Stem decumbent to erect
Leaves cauline with clustered axillary leaves, alternate or opposite, simple, deeply lobed; lobes linear, generally spine-tipped, palmate or pinnate
Inflorescence generally terminal; flowers generally sessile
Flower: calyx membrane wider than ribs, lobes 4–6, linear; corolla funnel-shaped or salverform, lobes 4–6; stamens attached at same level, anthers at throat, pollen yellow; style included
Species in genus: 7 species: w North America
Etymology: (Greek: narrow finger)
Reference: [Gordon-Reedy 1989 Madroño 37:28–42]


L. pungens (Torr.) Rydb.

Plant generally hairy, glandular or not
Stem 1–3 dm
Leaves alternate, 3–7-lobed; middle lobe generally longest, spine-tipped
Flower generally opening in evening; calyx lobes generally unequal, spine-tipped, membrane extended along lobes; corolla funnel-shaped, tube + throat 7–15 mm, lobes 7–10 mm, obovate, white or pink with purplish shading on outer surface; stamens attached at throat
Chromosomes: 2n=18
Ecology: Open, rocky areas in montane, subalpine forests, alpine fell-fields
Elevation: 1700–4000 m.
Bioregional distribution: California
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Rocky Mtns
Flowering time: May–Aug
Synonyms: subsp. hallii (Parish) H. Mason; subsp. hookeri (Douglas) Wherry; subsp. pulchriflorum (Brand) H. Mason
Some proposed subspp. sort well elsewhere, but not in CA. Further study warranted
Recent taxonomic note: *Linanthus pungens (Torr.) J.M. Porter & L.A. Johnson
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY, SUN: 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18.

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