|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Seeds 1many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):5591; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:8385
Annual, perennial herb
Stem generally branched at base
Leaves alternate, simple, gradually smaller upward, entire to pinnately or palmately lobed; lobes generally small-pointed at tip
Inflorescence: clusters, lateral and 1-sided or terminal and open to head-like, rarely solitary and pedicelled in lower axils
Flower: calyx generally bell-shaped, tube and sinuses membranous, lobes generally small-pointed at tip; corolla bell-shaped or salverform, radial or bilateral, white to red or lavender
Seeds slender, angled, slightly winged, white to light brown
Species in genus: 30 species: w North America, se US, s South America
Etymology: (Greek, striking appearance)
Reference: [Grant & Wilken 1988 Bot Gaz 149:443449]
Perennial species cross-pollinated, annual species generally self-pollinated. Distinguished from Gilia by inflorescence, leaf morphology, chromosome number, flavonoid chemistry.
Stem decumbent to erect, 13 dm, glabrous to densely puberulent
Leaf 14 cm, generally hairy, entire or pinnately to palmately 35-lobed
Flower: calyx 35 mm; corolla generally > calyx, tube yellow, lobes generally oblong, white; stamens attached at same level, exserted; style included
Ecology: Dry, open scrub, woodlands, alpine
Elevation: 12003700 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, n Cascade Range, n&c High Sierra Nevada, Great Basin Floristic Province
Distribution outside California: to Oregon, South Dakota, Colorado
7 subspp., especially GB.
Stem 12 dm, branched upward
Leaves: lower pinnately 35-lobed, hairy
Ecology: Valleys, basins
Elevation: 12002150 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, n Cascade Range, n&c High Sierra Nevada, Modoc Plateau, n East of Sierra Nevada
Distribution outside California: to Oregon, w Great Plains
Flowering time: JunJul
Horticultural information: TRY.