|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Seeds 1many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):5591; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:8385
Annual, perennial herb
Stem generally branched at base
Leaves alternate, simple, gradually smaller upward, entire to pinnately or palmately lobed; lobes generally small-pointed at tip
Inflorescence: clusters, lateral and 1-sided or terminal and open to head-like, rarely solitary and pedicelled in lower axils
Flower: calyx generally bell-shaped, tube and sinuses membranous, lobes generally small-pointed at tip; corolla bell-shaped or salverform, radial or bilateral, white to red or lavender
Seeds slender, angled, slightly winged, white to light brown
Species in genus: 30 species: w North America, se US, s South America
Etymology: (Greek, striking appearance)
Reference: [Grant & Wilken 1988 Bot Gaz 149:443449]
Perennial species cross-pollinated, annual species generally self-pollinated. Distinguished from Gilia by inflorescence, leaf morphology, chromosome number, flavonoid chemistry.
Perennial, dying after flowering once
Stem erect, glabrous or glandular, slightly hairy
Leaves: basal 35 cm, pinnately 911-lobed, withered at flower; cauline 57-lobed, glabrous to puberulent
Inflorescence 1-sided; clusters lateral, compact; flowers 17
Flower: calyx lobes deltate to acuminate; corolla tube 2030 mm, salverform, generally red with yellow mottling in throat and bases of lobes, lobes acute to acuminate; stamens attached at different levels, exserted; style exserted
Ecology: Openings in scrub, woodlands
Elevation: 11003300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High Cascade Range, n&c High Sierra Nevada, Great Basin Floristic Province
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Colorado, Mexico
8 subspp., subsp. aggregata in Rocky Mtns.
Leaf: lobes blunt to rounded
Inflorescence: flowers 15
Flower: calyx lobes 12 mm, deltate, lacking small point at tip; 14 stamens exserted, pollen blue
Ecology: Generally upper montane, subalpine
Elevation: 19003300 m.
Bioregional distribution: n&c High Sierra Nevada.
Hybridizes with I. tenuituba near Sonora Pass, where plants highly variable.
Horticultural information: TRY; DFCLT.