|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Seeds 1many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):5591; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:8385
Annual, perennial herb, generally erect
Stem glabrous, hairy, glandular, or cobwebby
Leaves simple, generally alternate; basal generally in rosette, toothed, pinnately lobed, or entire; cauline generally reduced; leaf tips, calyx lobes acute, acuminate, or needle-like
Inflorescence: flowers solitary or clustered, 1many in axils of bracts
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, membrane splitting or expanding; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate
Fruit generally ovoid; chambers 3, valves separating from top
Seeds 3many, brown, generally gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 70 species: w North America, South America
Etymology: (Felipe Gil, 18th century Spanish botanist)
Stem: branches many from base, spreading, 1038 cm, leafy, glabrous or white-hairy below
Leaves hairy in axils and on upper surfaces; basal in loose cluster, 12-pinnate; upper palmate, lobes linear, entire
Inflorescence glandular; glands black, minute, slender-stalked
Flower: calyx ribs flat, green, wider than membrane, lobes acute or acuminate, erect or spreading; corolla 23 X calyx, tube included, yellow, throat exserted, yellow with purple spots below lobes, lobes spreading, blue-violet at tip, paler below; stamens attached near corolla sinuses, unequal; stamens, style slightly exserted
Ecology: Open, grassland, hills, valleys
Elevation: < 1200 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Francisco Bay Area, San Joaquin Valley, South Coast Ranges.Sspp. intergrade.
Inflorescence: flowers 25 in dense clusters (sometimes loose); pedicels < 15 mm, longer in fruit
Flower: calyx 47 mm, membrane purple; corolla 1019 mm, lobes 48 mm wide, colors bright, spots merged in a ring
Fruit 56 mm
Ecology: Habitat of sp.
Elevation: < 1200 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Francisco Bay Area, San Joaquin Valley, South Coast Ranges
Horticultural information: SUN: 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 22, 23, 24 &IRR: 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, 21.