|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
previous taxon |
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Seeds 1many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):5591; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:8385
Annual, perennial herb, generally erect
Stem glabrous, hairy, glandular, or cobwebby
Leaves simple, generally alternate; basal generally in rosette, toothed, pinnately lobed, or entire; cauline generally reduced; leaf tips, calyx lobes acute, acuminate, or needle-like
Inflorescence: flowers solitary or clustered, 1many in axils of bracts
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, membrane splitting or expanding; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate
Fruit generally ovoid; chambers 3, valves separating from top
Seeds 3many, brown, generally gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 70 species: w North America, South America
Etymology: (Felipe Gil, 18th century Spanish botanist)
Stem: branches generally several, spreading from below, glabrous or cobwebby or glandular at base
Leaves: basal generally in cluster or rosette, cobwebby on upper surface or in axils or nearly glabrous, 12-pinnate, lobes generally linear, spreading, axis linear or strap-shaped
Inflorescence loose or ± clustered; pedicels unequal
Flower: calyx glandular or cobwebby; corolla 34 X calyx, tube purple, throat generally tapered, partly or all purple, lobes bright pinkish lavender, white at base; stamens unequal, exserted
Ecology: Sandy coastal or flood plains
Elevation: < 1400 m.
Bioregional distribution: Central Coast, South Coast Ranges, n Channel Islands.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem 612 cm, stout, leafy, glabrous near base, densely glandular above
Leaves cobwebby in axils; basal, lower leaves in rosette or not, 1-pinnate, lobes 14 mm
Inflorescence clustered (looser in fruit)
Flower: calyx glandular or cobwebby, ribs wider than membrane; corolla 1820 mm, throat < lobes, lobes 46 mm wide, obovate, tube stout, 1.52.5 X calyx; stamens well exserted; style slightly exserted, stigmas below longest stamens
Fruit 67 mm, < calyx
Ecology: Coastal sandhills
Elevation: < 30 m.
Bioregional distribution: n Channel Islands (Santa Rosa Island).