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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

POLEMONIACEAE

PHLOX FAMILY

Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85
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GILIA

Alva G. Day

Annual, perennial herb, generally erect
Stem glabrous, hairy, glandular, or cobwebby
Leaves simple, generally alternate; basal generally in rosette, toothed, pinnately lobed, or entire; cauline generally reduced; leaf tips, calyx lobes acute, acuminate, or needle-like
Inflorescence: flowers solitary or clustered, 1–many in axils of bracts
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, membrane splitting or expanding; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate
Fruit generally ovoid; chambers 3, valves separating from top
Seeds 3–many, brown, generally gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 70 species: w North America, South America
Etymology: (Felipe Gil, 18th century Spanish botanist)

Native

G. splendens H. Mason & A.D. Grant

SPLENDID GILIA


Stem generally 1; branches several, ± erect, 10–80 cm, glabrous or hairy near base
Leaves: lower in semi-erect rosette, finely-divided, 2-pinnate, axis linear, lobes well spaced, ascending, hairs shiny, translucent
Inflorescence loose; flowers 8–10 on main branches; pedicels in unequal pairs, glandular, glands large, flat-topped
Flower: calyx glabrous, ribs purplish, linear, width < membrane, lobes acuminate to long-tapered; corolla trumpet-shaped, tube exserted, throat tapered, lobes obovate, acute; stamens exserted, < corolla lobes, generally < style
Fruit 4–8 mm, 2 X calyx, narrowly ovoid
Seeds 30–70
Ecology: Chaparral or forest, rocky soil
Elevation: 300–2400 m.
Bioregional distribution: South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, San Jacinto Mountains
Recent taxonomic note: *Saltugilia grinnellii (Brand) L.A. Johnson
Horticultural information: TRY.

Native

subsp. grantii (Brand) V.E. Grant & A.D. Grant


Flower: corolla 20–36 mm, bright pink, tube 10–18 mm, sometimes throat yellow
Chromosomes: 2n=18
Ecology: Habitat of sp.
Elevation: 800–2200 m.
Bioregional distribution: San Gabriel Mountains, San Bernardino Mountains
Recent taxonomic note: *Saltugilia grinellii (Brand) L.A. Johnson subsp. grantii (Brand) L.A. Johnson

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