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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85


Alva G. Day

Annual, perennial herb, generally erect
Stem glabrous, hairy, glandular, or cobwebby
Leaves simple, generally alternate; basal generally in rosette, toothed, pinnately lobed, or entire; cauline generally reduced; leaf tips, calyx lobes acute, acuminate, or needle-like
Inflorescence: flowers solitary or clustered, 1–many in axils of bracts
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, membrane splitting or expanding; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate
Fruit generally ovoid; chambers 3, valves separating from top
Seeds 3–many, brown, generally gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 70 species: w North America, South America
Etymology: (Felipe Gil, 18th century Spanish botanist)


G. sinistra M.E. Jones

Stem: branches spreading, leafy, densely glandular-puberulent; glands black or yellowish
Leaves spreading, linear or narrowly lanceolate, entire or lobed, if lobed then lower pinnate, upper palmate, 3–5-lobed, middle lobe much longer
Inflorescence loose; flowers 2–3 above a leaf; pedicels unequal, thread-like, longer in fruit
Flower: calyx glandular-puberulent, lobes linear, acute, rib margins reddish, membrane finally splitting; corolla narrowly funnel-shaped, tube and throat yellow with reddish streaks, lobes narrowly oblong, bright pink, tips rounded; stamens unequal, exserted, unequally attached in upper throat; pollen blue
Fruit < or = calyx, oblong
Ecology: Open, chaparral or forest, serpentine or red volcanic soil
Elevation: 300–2200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, San Bernardino Mountains, Warner Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Oregon, Colorado, Nevada
Recent taxonomic note: *Navarretia sinistra (M.E. Jones) L.A. Johnson


subsp. sinistra

Stem 7–30 cm
Leaves: lower generally few, entire; upper spreading, entire or palmate
Flower: corolla 5–9 mm, tube included to 1.5 X calyx, lobes 1–3 mm; stamens included or longest exserted, style included
Seeds 2–4 per chamber
Chromosomes: 2n=18
Ecology: Habitat of sp.
Elevation: 1000–2200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, San Bernardino Mountains, Warner Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Oregon, Colorado
Synonyms: G. capillaris Kellogg, in part
Recent taxonomic note: *Navarretia sinistra (M.E. Jones) L.A. Johnson subsp. sinistra

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