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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85


Alva G. Day

Annual, perennial herb, generally erect
Stem glabrous, hairy, glandular, or cobwebby
Leaves simple, generally alternate; basal generally in rosette, toothed, pinnately lobed, or entire; cauline generally reduced; leaf tips, calyx lobes acute, acuminate, or needle-like
Inflorescence: flowers solitary or clustered, 1–many in axils of bracts
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, membrane splitting or expanding; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate
Fruit generally ovoid; chambers 3, valves separating from top
Seeds 3–many, brown, generally gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 70 species: w North America, South America
Etymology: (Felipe Gil, 18th century Spanish botanist)


G. sinistra M.E. Jones

Stem: branches spreading, leafy, densely glandular-puberulent; glands black or yellowish
Leaves spreading, linear or narrowly lanceolate, entire or lobed, if lobed then lower pinnate, upper palmate, 3–5-lobed, middle lobe much longer
Inflorescence loose; flowers 2–3 above a leaf; pedicels unequal, thread-like, longer in fruit
Flower: calyx glandular-puberulent, lobes linear, acute, rib margins reddish, membrane finally splitting; corolla narrowly funnel-shaped, tube and throat yellow with reddish streaks, lobes narrowly oblong, bright pink, tips rounded; stamens unequal, exserted, unequally attached in upper throat; pollen blue
Fruit < or = calyx, oblong
Ecology: Open, chaparral or forest, serpentine or red volcanic soil
Elevation: 300–2200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, San Bernardino Mountains, Warner Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Oregon, Colorado, Nevada
Recent taxonomic note: *Navarretia sinistra (M.E. Jones) L.A. Johnson


subsp. pinnatisecta (H. Mason & A.D. Grant) A.G. Day

Stem 12–50 cm
Leaves: lower in semi-erect rosette, pinnate, lobes 7–9, linear; upper palmate
Flower: corolla 9–20 mm, tube 1.5–2.5 X calyx, slender, lobes 3–5 mm; stamens, style exserted, > mid-lobe
Seeds 3–6 per chamber
Chromosomes: 2n=18
Ecology: Habitat of sp.
Elevation: 300–2200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Inner North Coast Ranges
Synonyms: G. leptalea subsp. p. H. Mason and A.D. Grant
Horticultural information: TRY
Recent taxonomic note: *Navarretia sinistra (M.E. Jones) L.A. Johnson subsp. pinnatisecta (H. Mason & A.D. Grant) L.A. Johnson
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for GILIA%20sinistra%20subsp.%20pinnatisecta being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Gilia sinistra subsp. pinnatisecta
Retrieve dichotomous key for Gilia
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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