Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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POLEMONIACEAE

PHLOX FAMILY

Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85
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GILIA

Alva G. Day

Annual, perennial herb, generally erect
Stem glabrous, hairy, glandular, or cobwebby
Leaves simple, generally alternate; basal generally in rosette, toothed, pinnately lobed, or entire; cauline generally reduced; leaf tips, calyx lobes acute, acuminate, or needle-like
Inflorescence: flowers solitary or clustered, 1–many in axils of bracts
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, membrane splitting or expanding; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate
Fruit generally ovoid; chambers 3, valves separating from top
Seeds 3–many, brown, generally gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 70 species: w North America, South America
Etymology: (Felipe Gil, 18th century Spanish botanist)

Native

G. leptomeria A. Gray

GREAT BASIN GILIA


Stem: 7–23 cm, branches spreading, 1–several, thread-like, glandular-puberulent
Leaves: basal in rosette, 1–6 cm, lanceolate or strap-shaped, toothed or lobed, lobes rounded and short-pointed, generally < axis width; cauline linear, entire
Inflorescence: flowers 1–3 per stem
Flower: calyx 2–3 mm, lobe tips thickened, membrane U-shaped; corolla 4–7 mm, tube 1.5–3 X calyx, thread-like, purple, throat yellow, lobes truncate, short-pointed, white, outside purple; stamens, style slightly exserted, pollen white
Fruit 3–5 mm, = calyx, narrowly ovoid
Seeds many, not gelatinous
Chromosomes: 2n=34,36
Ecology: Common. Open, sandy or rocky areas
Elevation: 800–2100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Great Basin Floristic Province, Desert Mountains (uncommon)
Distribution outside California: to Oregon, Idaho, Colorado, New Mexico
Flowering time: Apr–Jun
Recent taxonomic note: *Aliciella leptomeria (A. Gray) J.M. Porter
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bioregional map for GILIA%20leptomeria being generated
 
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Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Gilia leptomeria
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