Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

POLEMONIACEAE

PHLOX FAMILY

Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85
.

GILIA

Alva G. Day

Annual, perennial herb, generally erect
Stem glabrous, hairy, glandular, or cobwebby
Leaves simple, generally alternate; basal generally in rosette, toothed, pinnately lobed, or entire; cauline generally reduced; leaf tips, calyx lobes acute, acuminate, or needle-like
Inflorescence: flowers solitary or clustered, 1–many in axils of bracts
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, membrane splitting or expanding; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate
Fruit generally ovoid; chambers 3, valves separating from top
Seeds 3–many, brown, generally gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 70 species: w North America, South America
Etymology: (Felipe Gil, 18th century Spanish botanist)

Native

G. leptantha Parish


Stem spreading or erect, cobwebby below middle, glandular above
Leaves: basal in rosette, 1-pinnate, cobwebby, axis 1–2 mm wide, linear, lobes toothed on both sides, teeth short-pointed or acuminate
Inflorescence clustered or loose with 2–6 flowers above a bract; pedicels unequal, barely spreading
Flower: calyx slightly glandular (or cobwebby in early flowers); corolla tube yellow or purple with yellow veins, throat generally yellow, lobes pink to lavender; stamens unequal, longest generally > corolla lobes
Ecology: Open, rocky or sandy areas
Elevation: 700–2800 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Sierra Nevada, South Coast Ranges, Western Transverse Ranges, n slope San Gabriel Mountains, San Bernardino Mountains, sw edge Mojave Desert.

Native

subsp. pinetorum A.D. Grant & V.E. Grant


Stem: lower branches long-decumbent, 5–25 cm
Leaves: basal in compact rosette, densely cobwebby
Flower: corolla 9–14 mm, tube 1–1.5 X calyx, throat conic, > tube, lobes 3–4 mm wide, obovate; longest stamens > lobes
Fruit 4–5 mm, spheric
Chromosomes: 2n=18
Ecology: Bare summits, open, rocky or sandy areas with pines
Elevation: 1500–2800 m.
Bioregional distribution: South Coast Ranges, Western Transverse Ranges (Mount Pinos).
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for GILIA%20leptantha%20subsp.%20pinetorum being generated
 


Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Gilia leptantha subsp. pinetorum
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