Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

POLEMONIACEAE

PHLOX FAMILY

Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85
.

GILIA

Alva G. Day

Annual, perennial herb, generally erect
Stem glabrous, hairy, glandular, or cobwebby
Leaves simple, generally alternate; basal generally in rosette, toothed, pinnately lobed, or entire; cauline generally reduced; leaf tips, calyx lobes acute, acuminate, or needle-like
Inflorescence: flowers solitary or clustered, 1–many in axils of bracts
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, membrane splitting or expanding; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate
Fruit generally ovoid; chambers 3, valves separating from top
Seeds 3–many, brown, generally gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 70 species: w North America, South America
Etymology: (Felipe Gil, 18th century Spanish botanist)

Native

G. leptalea (A. Gray) Greene

Plant glabrous or slightly glandular-puberulent; glands black
Stem: branches spreading
Leaves cauline, linear to narrowly elliptic, generally entire; lower rarely pinnately lobed
Inflorescence loose, spreading; pedicels thread-like
Flower: calyx glabrous, lobes tapered, fine-pointed, membrane in fruit splitting between lobes; corolla funnel-shaped, tube generally exserted, lobes ovate-acute, pink; stamens unequally attached in throat, style and longest stamens well exserted
Fruit < calyx; valves detaching
Seeds 1–3 per chamber
Ecology: Common. Open, rocky areas in forest or meadows
Elevation: 900–3100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Cascade Range, s Sierra Nevada Foothills, High Sierra Nevada
Distribution outside California: Oregon
Forms large showy populations. Sspp. intergrade
Recent taxonomic note: *Navarretia leptalea (A. Gray) L.A. Johnson

Native

subsp. leptalea


Stem 8–33 cm
Flower: corolla 13–21 mm, throat 6–8 mm, 2–3 X lobes, tube yellow, throat purple, veins yellow
Chromosomes: 2n=18
Ecology: Habitat of sp.
Elevation: 900–2100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Cascade Range, s Sierra Nevada Foothills, n High Sierra Nevada
Distribution outside California: Oregon
Horticultural information: TRY
Recent taxonomic note: *Navarretia leptalea (A. Gray) L.A. Johnson subsp. leptalea

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