|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Seeds 1many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):5591; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:8385
Annual, perennial herb, generally erect
Stem glabrous, hairy, glandular, or cobwebby
Leaves simple, generally alternate; basal generally in rosette, toothed, pinnately lobed, or entire; cauline generally reduced; leaf tips, calyx lobes acute, acuminate, or needle-like
Inflorescence: flowers solitary or clustered, 1many in axils of bracts
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, membrane splitting or expanding; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate
Fruit generally ovoid; chambers 3, valves separating from top
Seeds 3many, brown, generally gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 70 species: w North America, South America
Etymology: (Felipe Gil, 18th century Spanish botanist)
Plant ± scapose
Leaves: basal in prostrate rosette, 27 cm, cobwebby, strap-shaped, toothed or lobed, lobes spreading; cauline shorter, clasping, entire or lobed at base, tapered
Inflorescence generally loose; pedicels unequal
Flower showy, fragrant; calyx slightly glandular, or early flowers cobwebby; corolla 1035 mm, tube purple, upper throat, base of lobes white, tips lavender; stamens exserted, < lobes; style > stamens
Fruit generally > calyx
Ecology: Generally deep sandy soils
Elevation: 7001500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Inner South Coast Ranges, n Transverse Ranges, s&w Mojave Desert.Forms showy displays. Sspp. variable within populations, intergrading where ranges overlap.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem 625 cm, glabrous, glaucous below middle
Flower: calyx 24 mm; corolla 916 mm, tube well exserted, throat tapered or widely expanded, purple at base
Fruit 36 mm
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Sandy flats, pinyon/juniper woodland, lower river valleys
Elevation: 6002000 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Inner South Coast Ranges, n Western Transverse Ranges.