This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
previous taxon |
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Seeds 1many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):5591; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:8385
Annual, perennial herb, generally erect
Stem glabrous, hairy, glandular, or cobwebby
Leaves simple, generally alternate; basal generally in rosette, toothed, pinnately lobed, or entire; cauline generally reduced; leaf tips, calyx lobes acute, acuminate, or needle-like
Inflorescence: flowers solitary or clustered, 1many in axils of bracts
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, membrane splitting or expanding; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate
Fruit generally ovoid; chambers 3, valves separating from top
Seeds 3many, brown, generally gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 70 species: w North America, South America
Etymology: (Felipe Gil, 18th century Spanish botanist)
Plant ± scapose
Leaves: basal in prostrate rosette, 27 cm, cobwebby, strap-shaped, toothed or lobed, lobes spreading; cauline shorter, clasping, entire or lobed at base, tapered
Inflorescence generally loose; pedicels unequal
Flower showy, fragrant; calyx slightly glandular, or early flowers cobwebby; corolla 1035 mm, tube purple, upper throat, base of lobes white, tips lavender; stamens exserted, < lobes; style > stamens
Fruit generally > calyx
Ecology: Generally deep sandy soils
Elevation: 7001500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Inner South Coast Ranges, n Transverse Ranges, s&w Mojave Desert.Forms showy displays. Sspp. variable within populations, intergrading where ranges overlap.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem 625 cm, glabrous, glaucous below middle
Flower: calyx 24 mm; corolla 916 mm, tube well exserted, throat tapered or widely expanded, purple at base
Fruit 36 mm
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Sandy flats, pinyon/juniper woodland, lower river valleys
Elevation: 6002000 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Inner South Coast Ranges, n Western Transverse Ranges.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|