Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

POLEMONIACEAE

PHLOX FAMILY

Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85
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GILIA

Alva G. Day

Annual, perennial herb, generally erect
Stem glabrous, hairy, glandular, or cobwebby
Leaves simple, generally alternate; basal generally in rosette, toothed, pinnately lobed, or entire; cauline generally reduced; leaf tips, calyx lobes acute, acuminate, or needle-like
Inflorescence: flowers solitary or clustered, 1–many in axils of bracts
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, membrane splitting or expanding; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate
Fruit generally ovoid; chambers 3, valves separating from top
Seeds 3–many, brown, generally gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 70 species: w North America, South America
Etymology: (Felipe Gil, 18th century Spanish botanist)

Native

G. hutchinsifolia Rydb.

Plant densely glandular-puberulent (studded with sand grains), glandular-hairy below, with skunk-like odor
Stem 5–40 cm, branched from base or above
Leaves: lower 2–8 cm, in semi-erect cluster, 1–2-pinnate, axis linear, lobes > 2 X axis width; upper linear, entire
Inflorescence: flowers generally 2 per stem; pedicels unequal
Flower: calyx 3–4 mm, lobes linear, membrane attached well below tip, U-shaped between lobes in fruit; corolla 7–14 mm, tube well exserted, glandular-puberulent, throat green-spotted, yellow above, lobes 2–4 mm, generally wavy-margined, lavender; stamens, style slightly exserted
Fruit 3–6 mm, = or > calyx
Seeds many, not gelatinous when wet
Chromosomes: 2n=18
Ecology: Sandy or gravelly flats, slopes, dunes
Elevation: 400–1800 m.
Bioregional distribution: Great Basin Floristic Province, Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: to Utah, Arizona
Flowering time: Apr–May
Recent taxonomic note: *Aliciella hutchinsifolia (Rydb.) J.M. Porter
Horticultural information: TRY.

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