Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85


Alva G. Day

Annual, perennial herb, generally erect
Stem glabrous, hairy, glandular, or cobwebby
Leaves simple, generally alternate; basal generally in rosette, toothed, pinnately lobed, or entire; cauline generally reduced; leaf tips, calyx lobes acute, acuminate, or needle-like
Inflorescence: flowers solitary or clustered, 1–many in axils of bracts
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, membrane splitting or expanding; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate
Fruit generally ovoid; chambers 3, valves separating from top
Seeds 3–many, brown, generally gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 70 species: w North America, South America
Etymology: (Felipe Gil, 18th century Spanish botanist)


G. diegensis (Munz) A.D. Grant & V.E. Grant

Stem 10–40 cm, glabrous, glaucous below middle, glandular above
Leaves: basal in prostrate rosette, 1–7 cm, strap-shaped, toothed or pinnate, lobes spreading, cobwebby; cauline shorter, ± clasping, lanceolate, serrate
Inflorescence cluster in flower, loose in fruit; pedicels unequal
Flower: calyx 3–5 mm; corolla 8–12 mm, tube included or slightly exserted, purple, lower throat purple, upper yellow, lobes 2–5 mm, lavender or white; stamens unequal, exserted to mid-lobe, pollen blue; style generally = or > stamens
Fruit 4–7 mm, < calyx
Seeds many
Chromosomes: 2n=18
Ecology: Sandy areas, open forest or scrub
Elevation: 500–2200 m.
Bioregional distribution: San Gabriel Mountains, San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges, s edge Mojave Desert, w edge Sonoran Desert
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Flowering time: Apr–Jun

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