Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85


Alva G. Day

Annual, perennial herb, generally erect
Stem glabrous, hairy, glandular, or cobwebby
Leaves simple, generally alternate; basal generally in rosette, toothed, pinnately lobed, or entire; cauline generally reduced; leaf tips, calyx lobes acute, acuminate, or needle-like
Inflorescence: flowers solitary or clustered, 1–many in axils of bracts
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, membrane splitting or expanding; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate
Fruit generally ovoid; chambers 3, valves separating from top
Seeds 3–many, brown, generally gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 70 species: w North America, South America
Etymology: (Felipe Gil, 18th century Spanish botanist)


G. cana (M.E. Jones) A. Heller

Plant sometimes with skunk-like odor
Stem: 9–32 cm, branches 1–several from base, cobwebby near base, generally glandular above
Leaves: basal in rosette, 1–2-pinnate, cobwebby; axis < 3 mm wide; lobes generally ascending, toothed on both sides, teeth short-pointed or acuminate
Inflorescence spreading, showy; flowers many
Flower: calyx gland-dotted, lobes acute to acuminate; corolla tube purple, throat bluish in upper half, yellow below, lobes pink; stamens exserted, to below middle of corolla lobes; style > stamens
Fruit < calyx, ovoid to spheric; valves detaching
Ecology: Open, gravelly or sandy flats or washes
Elevation: 800–3100 m.
Bioregional distribution: San Bernardino Mountains, e slope s High Sierra Nevada, White and Inyo Mountains, Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: sw Nevada; Arizona
Horticultural information: TRY.


subsp. triceps (Brand) A.D. Grant & V.E. Grant

Leaves: basal 1–5 cm, slightly cobwebby
Inflorescence: flowers many; pedicels slender, spreading, nearly equal
Flower: corolla 8–23 mm, tube < 2 X calyx, throat cup-shaped, lobes ± 3 mm wide; stamens exserted to below middle of corolla lobes
Fruit 4–7 mm, widely ovoid to spheric
Seeds 4–6 per chamber
Chromosomes: 2n=18
Ecology: Sandy flats, generally on limestone
Elevation: 800–1600 m.
Bioregional distribution: White and Inyo Mountains, Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: sw Nevada, w Arizona
Flowering time: Apr–May

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