Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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Elizabeth McClintock

Annual, perennial herb, subshrub, or vine
Leaves simple, generally in a basal rosette (sometimes cauline), entire or lobed
Inflorescence: panicle, head, raceme, or cyme, generally ± scapose
Flower bisexual, radial, generally small; calyx tubular, often membranous or partly scarious, lobes 5; petals 5, nearly free to ± fused, clawed, ± twisted together; stamens 5, opposite petals, sometimes epipetalous; ovary superior, generally 5-lobed or -ribbed, chamber and ovule 1, styles 5, sometimes fused
Fruit: utricle, achene, or capsule, ± enclosed in persistent calyx
Genera in family: ± 12 genera, ± 400 species: ± worldwide, especially Medit, w&c Asia; some cultivated as ornamental (Limonium used as dried flower)
Reference: [Channell & Wood 1959 J Arnold Arbor 40:391–397]



Perennial (rarely annual); rhizome ± woody
Leaves few–several, oblanceolate to obovate, entire or lobed, generally petioled
Inflorescence: panicle, branched ± from plant base, often ending in (but ± open between) 1-sided, spike-like clusters; involucre 0, other bracts subtending individual flowers and along axes
Flower: calyx generally 5–10-ribbed; styles 5, ± free
Species in genus: ± 150 species: ± worldwide, often in saline soils
Etymology: (Greek: meadow, from habitat of many species)
Reference: [Kunkel & Sunding 1967 Cuad de Bot Mus Canar 2:9–18]


L. californicum (Boiss.) A. Heller


Leaf: blade 5–15 cm, 1.5–6 cm wide, obovate to oblong, ± entire or wavy-margined, ± thick, leathery, base tapered; petiole generally < blade, stout, very narrowly winged
Inflorescence < 35 cm; axes glabrous, not winged
Flower: calyx tube 4–5 mm, ribs generally ± hairy, lobes ± 0.5 mm, white; corolla lobes blue, slightly > calyx
Ecology: Common. Coastal strand, salt marshes, beaches, bays
Elevation: < 50 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Central Coast, South Coast
Distribution outside California: s Nevada, east-central Arizona, n Baja California
Synonyms: var. mexicanum (S.F. Blake) Munz
Horticultural information: WET or IRR (brackish marsh, SUN: 5, 15, 16, 17, 21, 22, 23, 24; also STBL.

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bioregional map for LIMONIUM%20californicum being generated
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Limonium californicum
Retrieve dichotomous key for Limonium
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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