|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial, shrub, tree
Leaves alternate, entire; stipule 0
Inflorescence: raceme or panicle
Flowers bi- or unisexual, radial; calyx generally deeply 45-lobed, persistent; petals generally 0; stamens 4many, free or fused at base, anthers opening by longitudinal slits; pistils 1 and compound or free and simple, ovary generally superior, ovules 1 per pistil or chamber, styles same number as pistils or chambers (or 0), stigmas linear or thread-like
Fruit: berry; chambers generally many
Genera in family: ± 17 genera, 100 species: North America, South America.
Perennial, tall, stout
Leaves large, petioled, ovate to ovate-lanceolate
Flowers small; sepals 5, petal-like; stamens 530; pistil 1 .
Fruit: chambers 512
Seed 1 per chamber, vertical
Species in genus: ± 35 species: tropical and subtropical, especially Am
Etymology: (Greek & Latin: plant, crimson lake, from fruit color)
Plant ill-smelling; roots 1015 cm, thick, fleshy, carrot-like, white
Stems 1several from crown, 13 m, fleshy, bright purple at maturity
Leaf 830 cm, 312 cm wide, glabrous; petiole 15 cm
Inflorescence: raceme erect to nodding, 520 cm; pedicels with bracts
Flower bisexual, 56 mm; sepals equal, white or pinkish; stamens 10
Fruit 46 mm high, 710 mm wide, shiny purplish black
Seed 2.53 mm, flat, black
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed areas, gardens, roadsides
Elevation: generally < 1000 m.
Bioregional distribution: California Floristic Province
Distribution outside California: native to e US
P. heterotepala H. Walter (sepals unequal, stamens 1320) reported from San Francisco, probably not naturalized.