Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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PHILADELPHACEAE

MOCK ORANGE FAMILY

Charles F. Quibell

Shrub, subshrub
Stem < 3 m, generally erect; bark generally peeling as thin sheets or narrow strips
Leaves simple, opposite, deciduous or not, ± hairy; stipules 0; blade ± round to narrowly elliptic, entire or toothed
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flower 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted
Flower bisexual, radial; sepals 4–7, free, spreading or erect; petals 4–7, free, ± round to narrowly elliptic, generally white; stamens 10–12 in 2 whorls or many and clustered, filament base linear or wide and flat; pistil 1, ovary superior to 2/3 inferior, chambers 2–8, ovules 1–2 or many per chamber, placentas axile or parietal, styles 3–8, free or fused at base
Fruit: capsule, loculicidal or septicidal; styles persistent or not
Seeds generally many, small to minute
Genera in family: 7 genera, 130 species: temp, subtropical n hemisphere; some cultivated for ornamental (Carpenteria, Deutzia, Philadelphus)
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated within Hydrangeaceae [Soltis et al. 1995 Amer J Bot 82: 504–514]
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FENDLERELLA

Shrub < 8 dm
Stem: bark whitish, peeling as thin sheets or strips; twigs strigose
Leaves deciduous, leathery, ± sessile
Inflorescence: cymes clustered, terminal, dense to open; flowers (1)3–11
Flower: odorless; sepals 5; petals 5, white; stamens 10, alternating long and short, filament base wide, flat; ovary half-inferior, chambers 3, placentas axile, ovule 1 per chamber, styles 3, persistent, spreading in fruit, stigma terminal
Fruit ± cylindric, septicidal
Seed fusiform, red-brown
Species in genus: 3 species: sw US, n Mex
Etymology: (August Fendler, plant collector, 1813–1883)

Native

F. utahensis (S. Watson) A. Heller

YERBA DESIERTO


Leaf: blade 8–16 mm, 3–6 mm wide, ovate to elliptic, strigose, 3-veined from base, margin entire, ± rolled under
Inflorescence 12–18 mm, short-peduncled
Flower: sepals ± 1.5 mm, linear-lanceolate, sparsely strigose; petals 3–4 mm, oblong-obovate
Fruit ± 4 mm
Seed ± 2 mm
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Limestone soils, crevices, slopes
Elevation: 1300–2800 m.
Bioregional distribution: Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Colorado, n Mexico
Flowering time: Jun–Aug
Horticultural information: TRY; DFCLT.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for FENDLERELLA%20utahensis being generated
 


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