|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual to small tree; sap often colored, often milky
Leaves basal, cauline, or both, generally toothed, lobed, or dissected; cauline generally alternate; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, or panicle (terminal), or flower solitary
Flower bisexual, generally radial; sepals 24, sometimes shed ± at flower; petals generally 4 or 6 (or more), sometimes in 2 unlike pairs; stamens 4many; ovary generally 1, superior, chamber generally 1, stigma lobes 0many, ovules 1many
Fruit: generally capsule, dehiscent by valves or pores, generally septicidal
Genera in family: 40 genera, 400 sp.: n temp, n tropical, s Africa; some cultivated (Papaver, Dicentra, Eschscholzia ). Petal length includes any spur or pouch. Hunnemannia fumariifolia Sweet (Eschscholzia-like garden per with free sepals) an uncommon waif in CA. Corydalis, Dicentra, Fumaria formerly treated in Fumariaceae.
Species in genus: 1 sp
Etymology: (Greek: style poppy)
Annual 3060 cm; sap yellow, clear
Leaves basal and cauline, 212 cm, deeply pinnately lobed, glabrous to hairy, petioled; 1° lobes toothed or lobed
Inflorescence: flowers solitary, axillary; peduncle 520 cm
Flower: sepals 2, 410 mm, shed at flower; petals 4, free, 1020 mm, wedge-shaped, orange-red, base purple-spotted, shed after pollination; stamens many, free; placentas 411, style 1, slender, stigma head-like, lobes 411
Fruit 12 cm, obconic to obovate, dehiscent by flaps below tip
Seeds many, 0.4 mm, reniform, roughly net-ridged, brown or black
Ecology: Grassy areas, openings in chaparral
Elevation: < 1200 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Northwestern California, s Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Joaquin Valley, Central Western California, Southwestern California
Distribution outside California: n Baja California
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; CVS.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|