|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to small tree; sap often colored, often milky
Leaves basal, cauline, or both, generally toothed, lobed, or dissected; cauline generally alternate; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, or panicle (terminal), or flower solitary
Flower bisexual, generally radial; sepals 24, sometimes shed ± at flower; petals generally 4 or 6 (or more), sometimes in 2 unlike pairs; stamens 4many; ovary generally 1, superior, chamber generally 1, stigma lobes 0many, ovules 1many
Fruit: generally capsule, dehiscent by valves or pores, generally septicidal
Genera in family: 40 genera, 400 sp.: n temp, n tropical, s Africa; some cultivated (Papaver, Dicentra, Eschscholzia ). Petal length includes any spur or pouch. Hunnemannia fumariifolia Sweet (Eschscholzia-like garden per with free sepals) an uncommon waif in CA. Corydalis, Dicentra, Fumaria formerly treated in Fumariaceae.
Subshrub or shrub, 100250 cm, woody below; sap clear, bitter; rhizomes creeping
Leaves cauline, gray-green-glaucous; lobes 35, deep, lanceolate to ovate
Inflorescence: flowers solitary, terminal
Flower: sepals 3; petals 6, free, obovate, crinkled, white, shed after pollination; stamens many, free; chambers 112, placentas 712, style 0, stigma lobes 712, flat
Fruit: oblong to ovoid, bristly, dehiscent from tip
Seeds many, 1.31.5 mm, ovate
Species in genus: 2 species: CA, Baja CA
Etymology: (T. Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer, early 1800's)
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaf 520 cm
Flower: sepals glabrous; petals 60100 mm
Fruit 34 cm
Seed papillate, dark brown
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Dry washes, canyons
Elevation: < 1200 m.
Bioregional distribution: eastern South Coast, Peninsular Ranges.Largest flowers of any plant native to CA
Horticultural information: DRN, SUN: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; CVS; INV.