Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

PAPAVERACEAE

POPPY FAMILY

Curtis Clark

Annual to small tree; sap often colored, often milky
Leaves basal, cauline, or both, generally toothed, lobed, or dissected; cauline generally alternate; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, or panicle (terminal), or flower solitary
Flower bisexual, generally radial; sepals 2–4, sometimes shed ± at flower; petals generally 4 or 6 (or more), sometimes in 2 unlike pairs; stamens 4–many; ovary generally 1, superior, chamber generally 1, stigma lobes 0–many, ovules 1–many
Fruit: generally capsule, dehiscent by valves or pores, generally septicidal
Genera in family: 40 genera, 400 sp.: n temp, n tropical, s Africa; some cultivated (Papaver, Dicentra, Eschscholzia ). Petal length includes any spur or pouch. Hunnemannia fumariifolia Sweet (Eschscholzia-like garden per with free sepals) an uncommon waif in CA. Corydalis, Dicentra, Fumaria formerly treated in Fumariaceae.

DICENTRA

Perennial, glabrous, sometimes glaucous; sap colorless
Leaves generally basal (sometimes some cauline), deeply dissected
Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower biradial; sepals 2, shed just after flower; petals 4, white to yellow, sometimes persistent, outer 2 free, lanceolate, alike, both pouched at base, inner 2 adherent at tips, oblanceolate, ± crested on back; stamens 6, ± fused in 2 sets opposite outer petals; ovary cylindric to long-conic, placentas 2, style 1, stigma lobes 2
Fruit ovate or long-conic, dehiscent from tip
Seeds few, 1–2 mm, oblong to reniform, smooth, rough, or netted, black
Species in genus: 16 species: North America, Asia; some ornamental
Etymology: (Greek: twice spurred, from outer petals)

Native

D. pauciflora S. Watson

Plant 3–7 cm, sometimes glaucous, tubered
Leaves 1–3, 2–3-ternately dissected, 4–6 cm
Inflorescence 1–3-flowered
Flower nodding; petals 18–20 mm, white to pink or lavender, recurved tips of outer petals < bodies
Fruit ± 12 mm, ovate
Ecology: Gravelly areas
Elevation: 1200–3000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, n&s High Sierra Nevada
Horticultural information: TRY; DFCLT.

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