This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual, perennial herb, non-green root-parasites; roots modified into absorptive structures; plant an erect, fleshy, mostly underground stem (peduncle) with terminal inflorescence
Leaf: true leaves 0
Inflorescence: spike, raceme, or panicle; bracts alternate, scale-like
Flower bisexual; calyx cylindric or cup-shaped, lobes 05, persistent; corolla ± 2-lipped, lobes generally 5; stamens 4, epipetalous in 2 pairs (sometimes a 5th vestigial); ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas generally 24, parietal, simple or lobed, stigma generally 24-lobed, generally bowl- to funnel-shaped
Fruit: capsule, loculicidal; valves 24
Seeds many, small, angled; surface netted
Genera in family: 14 genera, 200 species: especially n temp
Reference: [Thieret 1971 J Arnold Arbor 52:404432]
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include hemiparasitic genera of Scrophulariaceae (e.g., Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Pedicularis, Triphysaria [Olmstead et al. 2001 Mol Phylogen Evol 16:96112]
Stems generally simple, annual, 1many from corm-like thickening surrounding host root
Inflorescence spike-like; bracts densely overlapping, ± ovate; pedicels generally < 2 mm; bractlets on pedicel 03, narrow
Flower: calyx cup-shaped, teeth 05 (variable on a plant), tip acute or tapered; corolla with ring of hairs in upper tube at base of stamens, upper lip entire or indented, lower lip 3-lobed; upper filament and anther hairy
Fruit 24-valved; placenta 1 per valve
Species in genus: 3 species: nw North America, ne Asia
Etymology: (Boschniaki, Russian botanist)
Reference: [Gilkey 1945 OR State Monogr Bot 9]
Plant 712 cmSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Inflorescence 36 cm, < 3 cm diam, purplish to pale yellow; lower bracts 1012 mm, ovate to narrowly obovate, tip obtuse to acute
Flower: calyx cup 23 mm, teeth 24 mm, deltate; corolla 1015 mm, generally pale, lips erect, 34 mm (upper > lower)
Seed ± 1.5 mm
Ecology: Open woods, shrubby places, generally on Gaultheria shallon
Elevation: < 300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Outer North Coast Ranges (1 site, Humboldt Co.), San Francisco Bay Area (Mount Tamalpais, Marin Co.)
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia
CA plants are among the most distinct from B. strobilacea in their small size and pale color.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|