Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Dieter H. Wilken

Shrub, tree, or vine, some dioecious
Leaves alternate or opposite, deciduous or evergreen, simple to pinnately compound
Inflorescence various; flower sometimes solitary
Flower sometimes unisexual, generally radial; calyx generally minute, tube cup-shaped, lobes 4–15; petals (0)4–6, generally fused; stamens generally 2, epipetalous; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 2, placentas axile, ovules 2–4 per chamber, style 1, stigma generally 2-lobed
Fruit: drupe, capsule, or winged achene
Seed 1 per chamber
Genera in family: ± 25 genera, 900 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated for ornamental (Forsythia ; Jasminum , jasmine; Ligustrum , privet; Syringa , lilac) or food (Olea )
Reference: [Wilson & Wood 1959 J Arnold Arbor 40:369–384]



Shrub or tree, generally dioecious
Stem: bark smooth to furrowed, generally gray; twigs generally puberulent, becoming glabrous
Leaves opposite, deciduous, odd-pinnate, petioled, generally thin, generally glabrous; leaflet dark green above, pale below, generally glabrous, base and tip rounded to acute
Inflorescence: clusters or panicles, axillary, often peduncled; flowers pedicelled
Flower: calyx 1–2 mm, shallowly ± 4-lobed; petals 0, 2, or 4, free or fused
Staminate flower: stamens generally 2; pistil vestigial
Pistillate flower: stamens 0; ovules 2 per chamber
Fruit: achene, winged
Seed generally 1
Species in genus: ± 65 species: temp North America, Eurasia, tropical Asia
Etymology: (Latin: ancient name)
Reference: [Little 1952 J WA Acad Sci 42:369–380]


F. anomala S. Watson


Shrub or tree < 6 m
Stem: twigs generally 4-angled
Leaf 2–10 cm; petiole glandular-puberulent; leaflets generally 1(–5), 1–6 cm, stalked, narrowly ovate to ± round, thick, entire to irregularly crenate
Flower generally bisexual; petals 0
Fruit 13–25 mm, 5–10 mm wide; body flat, winged from near base
Chromosomes: 2n=46
Ecology: Washes, rocky slopes, scrub, pinyon/juniper woodland
Elevation: 1100–2400 m.
Bioregional distribution: n&e Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Colorado, New Mexico
Flowering time: Apr–May
Horticultural information: DRN, IRR: 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23.

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