Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

    THIS PAGE IS NO LONGER UPDATED
    AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

NYCTAGINACEAE

FOUR O'CLOCK FAMILY

Richard Spellenberg

Perennial, shrub, tree, glabrous or hairy
Stem often forked
Leaves opposite, sessile or petioled, pairs generally unequal; blade generally entire
Inflorescence generally forked; of spikes, clusters, or umbels, each unit sometimes with a calyx-like involucre
Flower bisexual, radial; perianth of 1 whorl, petal-like, bell- to trumpet-shaped, base hardened, tightly surrounding ovary in fruit, lobes 4–5, generally notched to ± bilateral; stamens 1–many; ovary superior (appearing inferior because of hardened perianth base), style 1
Fruit: achene or nut, smooth, wrinkled, or ribbed
Genera in family: 30 genera, 300 species: warm regions, especially Am; some ornamental (Bougainvillea ; Mirabilis , four o'clock).

SELINOCARPUS

MOONPOD

Perennial, shrub
Stem forked
Leaf sessile or petioled; blade ± fleshy
Inflorescence: bracts 1–3, free, not forming an involucre; flowers generally solitary in axils
Flower nocturnal or cleistogamous; open perianth trumpet-shaped; stamens 4–8; stigma ± spheric, generally exserted
Fruit: wing thin, membranous
Species in genus: 8 species: North America., Africa
Etymology: (Greek: parsley fruit)
(Fowler & Turner 1977 Phytologia 37(3);177–208)

Native

S. nevadensis (Standl.) Fowler & B.L. Turner

DESERT WING-FRUIT

Annual; hairs appressed and divergent, white, also glandular-puberulent
Stem prostrate to erect, < 3 dm
Leaf petioled, < 26 mm; blade ovate to round
Flower: perianth 30–40 mm, ± 10 mm wide, tube ± green, limb white
Fruit 5–7 mm; wings 5, 2 mm
Ecology: Dry, rocky areas
Elevation: 1250 m.
Bioregional distribution: Desert Mountains (ne Kingston Range, se Inyo Co.)
Distribution outside California: to s Nevada, sw Utah, nw Arizona
Flowering time: Jun–Sep
Synonyms: S. diffusus A. Gray var. n. Standley
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for SELINOCARPUS%20nevadensis being generated
 


Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Selinocarpus nevadensis
Retrieve dichotomous key for Selinocarpus
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page
Glossary


University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California