|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial, shrub, tree, glabrous or hairy
Stem often forked
Leaves opposite, sessile or petioled, pairs generally unequal; blade generally entire
Inflorescence generally forked; of spikes, clusters, or umbels, each unit sometimes with a calyx-like involucre
Flower bisexual, radial; perianth of 1 whorl, petal-like, bell- to trumpet-shaped, base hardened, tightly surrounding ovary in fruit, lobes 45, generally notched to ± bilateral; stamens 1many; ovary superior (appearing inferior because of hardened perianth base), style 1
Fruit: achene or nut, smooth, wrinkled, or ribbed
Genera in family: 30 genera, 300 species: warm regions, especially Am; some ornamental (Bougainvillea ; Mirabilis , four o'clock).
Stem repeatedly forked, decumbent to erect
Leaf generally petioled
Inflorescence forked; calyx-like involucres densely clustered or solitary in axils, bell- to saucer-shaped; flowers 116 per involucre, blooming sequentially
Flower: perianth funnel- to bell-shaped, lobes 5; stamens 35, generally exserted; stigma ± spheric, generally exserted
Fruit ± round to club-shaped, smooth to 5-ribbed; wing 0
Species in genus: ± 60 species: Am, Himalayas
Etymology: (Latin: wonderful)
Fls open in evening, close in morning. Spp. intergrade; Hermidium , Oxybaphus sometimes segregated, but intergrade with other species; careful study needed. [Pilz 1978 Madroño 25:113132]
Stem ascending to erect, 38 dm
Leaf: blade 312 cm, round to ovate, fleshy, glandular-hairy or becoming glabrous
Inflorescence: involucre 1 per upper axil, bell-shaped, ± glabrous to minutely glandular-hairy; bracts 5, 2235 mm, 1/23/4 fused; flowers 6 per involucre
Flower: perianth 4060 mm, narrowly funnel-shaped, magenta
Fruit 611 mm, elliptic
Ecology: Dry, rocky or sandy places
Elevation: < 2500 m.
Bioregional distribution: s San Joaquin Valley, White and Inyo Mountains, Desert
Distribution outside California: to w Colorado, Arizona, Baja California
Inflorescence: involucral bracts obtuse
Fruit faintly warty, gelatinous when wet; ribs inconspicuous
Ecology: Habitat of sp.
Elevation: 9002500 m.
Bioregional distribution: White and Inyo Mountains, n Mojave Desert (Inyo Co.)
Distribution outside California: to w Colorado
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY, SUN: 2, 10, 11.