|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial, shrub, tree, glabrous or hairy
Stem often forked
Leaves opposite, sessile or petioled, pairs generally unequal; blade generally entire
Inflorescence generally forked; of spikes, clusters, or umbels, each unit sometimes with a calyx-like involucre
Flower bisexual, radial; perianth of 1 whorl, petal-like, bell- to trumpet-shaped, base hardened, tightly surrounding ovary in fruit, lobes 45, generally notched to ± bilateral; stamens 1many; ovary superior (appearing inferior because of hardened perianth base), style 1
Fruit: achene or nut, smooth, wrinkled, or ribbed
Genera in family: 30 genera, 300 species: warm regions, especially Am; some ornamental (Bougainvillea ; Mirabilis , four o'clock).
Stem repeatedly forked, decumbent to erect
Leaf generally petioled
Inflorescence forked; calyx-like involucres densely clustered or solitary in axils, bell- to saucer-shaped; flowers 116 per involucre, blooming sequentially
Flower: perianth funnel- to bell-shaped, lobes 5; stamens 35, generally exserted; stigma ± spheric, generally exserted
Fruit ± round to club-shaped, smooth to 5-ribbed; wing 0
Species in genus: ± 60 species: Am, Himalayas
Etymology: (Latin: wonderful)
Fls open in evening, close in morning. Spp. intergrade; Hermidium , Oxybaphus sometimes segregated, but intergrade with other species; careful study needed. [Pilz 1978 Madroño 25:113132]
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem ascending to erect, 48 dm, glabrous or sparsely hairy upward
Leaf: blade 310 cm, round to ovate, fleshy, glabrous or sparsely short-hairy
Inflorescence: involucre 1 per upper axil, bell-shaped, ± glabrous; bracts generally 56, 2540 mm, > 1/2 fused; flowers 616 per involucre
Flower: perianth 45 cm, narrowly funnel-shaped, magenta
Fruit ± 7 mm, broadly club-shaped or elliptic, bluntly 5-angled, very sparsely short-hairy
Ecology: Dry slopes, flats
Elevation: < 1000 m.
Bioregional distribution: e Klamath Ranges, n&c Inner North Coast Ranges
Synonyms: Quamoclidion g. (S. Watson) Standley
Horticultural information: TRY.