|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
previous taxon |
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Perennial, shrub, tree, glabrous or hairy
Stem often forked
Leaves opposite, sessile or petioled, pairs generally unequal; blade generally entire
Inflorescence generally forked; of spikes, clusters, or umbels, each unit sometimes with a calyx-like involucre
Flower bisexual, radial; perianth of 1 whorl, petal-like, bell- to trumpet-shaped, base hardened, tightly surrounding ovary in fruit, lobes 45, generally notched to ± bilateral; stamens 1many; ovary superior (appearing inferior because of hardened perianth base), style 1
Fruit: achene or nut, smooth, wrinkled, or ribbed
Genera in family: 30 genera, 300 species: warm regions, especially Am; some ornamental (Bougainvillea ; Mirabilis , four o'clock).
Stem repeatedly forked, decumbent to erect
Leaf generally petioled
Inflorescence forked; calyx-like involucres densely clustered or solitary in axils, bell- to saucer-shaped; flowers 116 per involucre, blooming sequentially
Flower: perianth funnel- to bell-shaped, lobes 5; stamens 35, generally exserted; stigma ± spheric, generally exserted
Fruit ± round to club-shaped, smooth to 5-ribbed; wing 0
Species in genus: ± 60 species: Am, Himalayas
Etymology: (Latin: wonderful)
Fls open in evening, close in morning. Spp. intergrade; Hermidium , Oxybaphus sometimes segregated, but intergrade with other species; careful study needed. [Pilz 1978 Madroño 25:113132]
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem ascending to erect, < 6 dm, glabrous, glaucous
Leaf ± sessile; blade 212 cm, linear, fleshy, glabrous
Inflorescence loosely forked; involucre bell-shaped, short-hairy, enlarged and papery in fruit; bracts 5, 58 mm in fruit, ± 1/2 fused; flowers 13 per involucre
Flower: perianth 1520 mm, ± salverform (tube narrowly funnel-shaped), bright red
Fruit ± 5 mm, club-shaped; ribs 5, coarsely wrinkled between ribs; hairs fine
Ecology: Dry, rocky slopes, washes
Elevation: 13001800 m.
Bioregional distribution: Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: to w New Mexico, nw Mexico
Flowering time: MayJul
Synonyms: Oxybaphus c. Torr
Horticultural information: TRY.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|