Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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NYCTAGINACEAE

FOUR O'CLOCK FAMILY

Richard Spellenberg

Perennial, shrub, tree, glabrous or hairy
Stem often forked
Leaves opposite, sessile or petioled, pairs generally unequal; blade generally entire
Inflorescence generally forked; of spikes, clusters, or umbels, each unit sometimes with a calyx-like involucre
Flower bisexual, radial; perianth of 1 whorl, petal-like, bell- to trumpet-shaped, base hardened, tightly surrounding ovary in fruit, lobes 4–5, generally notched to ± bilateral; stamens 1–many; ovary superior (appearing inferior because of hardened perianth base), style 1
Fruit: achene or nut, smooth, wrinkled, or ribbed
Genera in family: 30 genera, 300 species: warm regions, especially Am; some ornamental (Bougainvillea ; Mirabilis , four o'clock).

ABRONIA

SAND VERBENA

Annual, perennial herb, generally glandular
Stem prostrate to ascending, generally ± red
Leaf generally fleshy, petioled
Inflorescence: head or umbel; flowers opening together or outer first; receptacle conic, ± smooth
Flower: perianth salverform to trumpet-shaped, generally fragrant, lobes 4–5; stamens 4–5, included; stigma linear, included
Fruit: body fusiform; lobe-like wings (0)2–5 (if present, prominent, opaque, thick, not continuous above fruit body)
Species in genus: 25 species: w North America
Etymology: (Greek: graceful)
[Galloway 1975 Brittonia 27:328–347] Closely related to Tripterocalyx.

Native

A. turbinata S. Watson

Annual, rarely perennial herb, glabrous or sparsely glandular-hairy
Stem ascending to erect, < 50 cm
Leaf: petiole 1–5 cm, slender; blade 1–5 cm, broadly ovate to round
Inflorescence: peduncle 3–9 cm; bracts 3–10 mm, lanceolate to ovate; flowers 15–35
Flower: perianth tube 6–18 mm, ± green or pink, limb 5–8 mm wide, white or pale magenta
Fruit 3–7 mm, as wide as long, with generally 5 wings inflated and truncate at top, glandular-hairy at top, glabrous below; wings hollow inside (some fruit with 2 wings folded together)
Ecology: Dry, sandy soil, desert scrub
Elevation: 900–2500 m.
Bioregional distribution: East of Sierra Nevada, Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: se Oregon, w Nevada
Flowering time: May–Jul
Horticultural information: TRY.

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bioregional map for ABRONIA%20turbinata being generated
 
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Abronia turbinata
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Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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