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©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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MYRTACEAE

MYRTLE FAMILY

Elizabeth McClintock

Tree, shrub, evergreen
Leaves simple, opposite or alternate, entire, often gland-dotted
Inflorescence: umbel, panicle of umbels, or flowers 1–3 in axils
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium cylindric, deltate, ± cup-shaped, or urn-shaped; sepals, petals generally 4–5, free or sometimes fused together to form a deciduous bud cap; stamens generally many, ± showy, borne near top of hypanthium, free or in 4–5 clusters; ovary generally inferior, chambers 1–many, style 1
Fruit: generally berry or capsule
Seeds generally many, small
Genera in family: ± 100 genera, 3000 species: tropical, subtropical, especially s hemisphere; economically important for timber (Eucalyptus ), spices (Syzygium aromaticum , cloves; Pimenta dioica , allspice), edible fruits (Psidium guajava , guava; Feijoa sellowiana , pineapple guava), many ornamental
Reference: [Wilson 1960 J Arnold Arbor 41:270–278]

LUMA

Shrub, small tree
Stem erect; bark shed in flakes; trunk smooth
Leaves opposite
Inflorescence: cyme 3-flowered or flowers solitary in axils
Flower: hypanthium ± cup-shaped; sepals, petals 4, free; stamens many; ovary chambers 2, style 6–7 mm
Fruit: berry
Species in genus: 4 species: Chile, w Argentina
Etymology: (Chilean name)
Reference: [Landrum 1988 Proc Cal Acad Sci 45:313–316]

Introduced

L. apiculata (DC.) Burret

TEMU


Stem 1.5–5(20) m, many-branched; trunk golden-brown
Leaf 2.5 cm, ovate, abruptly, sharply pointed, thinly leathery, dark green
Inflorescence: flowers generally solitary in axils
Flower ± 12 mm wide; petals rounded, cream-white, pink-tinged, upper surface concave; stamens forming a dense ring, < petals
Fruit ± 12 mm wide, black
Ecology: Uncommon. Cool coastal, urban areas
Elevation: 100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Central Coast
Distribution outside California: native to Chile, w Argentina
Synonyms: Eugenia a. DC
Sometimes cultivated in CA.

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bioregional map for LUMA%20apiculata being generated
 
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Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Luma apiculata
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