Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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MYOPORACEAE

MYOPORUM FAMILY

Elizabeth McClintock

Shrub, tree
Leaves simple, generally alternate, evergreen, often gland-dotted, petioled; stipules 0
Inflorescence: axillary clusters; flowers 1–few
Flower bisexual, radial to bilateral; calyx 5-lobed, persistent; corolla 5-lobed, sometimes 2-lipped; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, (sometimes a fifth reduced and sterile); ovary superior, chambers generally 2 (sometimes falsely 3–10), ovules generally 1–2 per chamber, style 1, stigmas 1–2
Fruit: drupe
Genera in family: 3–5 genera, ± 100 species: especially Australia (also Pacific islands, e Asia, s Africa, West Indies).

MYOPORUM


Leaves alternate, entire or toothed, with often translucent glands
Flower ± radial; corolla ± = pedicel, > calyx
Species in genus: ± 30 species: especially Australia
Etymology: (Greek: from glandular pores on leaves)

Introduced

M. laetum G. Forst.

Shrub or small tree, 3–10 m, much-branched, broadly spreading; twig tips and young leaves ± bronze-green, sticky
Leaf < 10 cm, generally lanceolate, finely serrate above middle, bright green, ± fleshy; pores conspicuous
Flower: corolla ± 10 mm diam, ± bell-shaped, white with purple spots, tube ± = lobes
Fruit 5–10 mm, ovoid, fleshy, pale to dark reddish purple
Seed 1
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed, urban areas
Elevation: < 200 m.
Bioregional distribution: San Francisco Bay Area, Central Coast, South Coast
Distribution outside California: native to New Zealand
Commonly cultivated near coast. TOXIC: leaves, fruits may be fatal to livestock.

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