This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous or hairy
Stem prostrate to erect
Leaves simple, generally basal and cauline, alternate, opposite, or whorled, rarely fleshy; stipules 0, conspicuous, or small and deciduous
Inflorescence: cyme, cluster, or flower solitary, axillary
Flower generally bisexual, small, radial; calyx persistent, sepals 45, generally free; corolla 0 or small; stamens 510, sometimes petal-like, attached to hypanthium, filaments free or fused at base; nectary a ring; ovary superior, chambers 110, placentas generally axile, styles 1 or 35, generally free
Fruit: generally capsule, generally loculicidal
Seeds 1 or more per chamber, sometimes with arils
Genera in family: 14 genera, 95 species: generally tropical, subtropical, especially Africa.
Annual, generally hairy
Stem prostrate to ascending, branched from base
Leaves alternate or appearing whorled, entire or toothed, petioled, unequal; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cluster head-like, flowers generally 510; pedicel short
Flower bell-shaped; sepals 5, margins scarious; petals 0; stamens 320, free or fused in groups, outer sterile, filaments short, slender; ovary chambers 35, style short, stigmas 35
Seeds many, minute, smooth or tubercled; aril coiled around seed
Species in genus: 12 species: tropical, subtropical
Etymology: (Greek: sweet juice)
Plant hairy; hairs generally forked or stellate
Stem 13 dm
Leaves entire; petiole ± = blade; blade 0.53 cm, obovate to round, ± gray-green, base tapered, tip generally abruptly acute, veins generally prominent
Inflorescence: flower ± sessile
Flower: sepals 47 mm, oblong or lanceolate, acute, keeled, tomentose
Fruit 4 mm
Seed 0.6 mm, tubercled, blackish brown
Ecology: Uncommon. Moist or seasonally dry margins of wetlands
Elevation: < 1000 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, Great Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, South Coast, Western Transverse Ranges, San Gabriel Mountains, Peninsular Ranges
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, se US, etc.; native to Europe
G. radiatus (Ruiz & Pav.) Rohrb., native to tropical Am., is reported from ScV, PR: leaf green, sparsely hairy, seed 0.4 mm, generally shiny red-brown.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|