Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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MOLLUGINACEAE

CARPET-WEED FAMILY

Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous or hairy
Stem prostrate to erect
Leaves simple, generally basal and cauline, alternate, opposite, or whorled, rarely fleshy; stipules 0, conspicuous, or small and deciduous
Inflorescence: cyme, cluster, or flower solitary, axillary
Flower generally bisexual, small, radial; calyx persistent, sepals 4–5, generally free; corolla 0 or small; stamens 5–10, sometimes petal-like, attached to hypanthium, filaments free or fused at base; nectary a ring; ovary superior, chambers 1–10, placentas generally axile, styles 1 or 3–5, generally free
Fruit: generally capsule, generally loculicidal
Seeds 1 or more per chamber, sometimes with arils
Genera in family: 14 genera, 95 species: generally tropical, subtropical, especially Africa.

GLINUS

Annual, generally hairy
Stem prostrate to ascending, branched from base
Leaves alternate or appearing whorled, entire or toothed, petioled, unequal; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cluster head-like, flowers generally 5–10; pedicel short
Flower bell-shaped; sepals 5, margins scarious; petals 0; stamens 3–20, free or fused in groups, outer sterile, filaments short, slender; ovary chambers 3–5, style short, stigmas 3–5
Fruit ovoid
Seeds many, minute, smooth or tubercled; aril coiled around seed
Species in genus: 12 species: tropical, subtropical
Etymology: (Greek: sweet juice)

Introduced

G. lotoides L.

Plant hairy; hairs generally forked or stellate
Stem 1–3 dm
Leaves entire; petiole ± = blade; blade 0.5–3 cm, obovate to round, ± gray-green, base tapered, tip generally abruptly acute, veins generally prominent
Inflorescence: flower ± sessile
Flower: sepals 4–7 mm, oblong or lanceolate, acute, keeled, tomentose
Fruit 4 mm
Seed 0.6 mm, tubercled, blackish brown
Ecology: Uncommon. Moist or seasonally dry margins of wetlands
Elevation: < 1000 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, Great Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, South Coast, Western Transverse Ranges, San Gabriel Mountains, Peninsular Ranges
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, se US, etc.; native to Europe
G. radiatus (Ruiz & Pav.) Rohrb., native to tropical Am., is reported from ScV, PR: leaf green, sparsely hairy, seed 0.4 mm, generally shiny red-brown.

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