Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.

MALVACEAE

MALLOW FAMILY

Steven R. Hill, except as specified

Annual, perennial herb, shrubs, trees, generally stellate-hairy; juice sticky; inner bark tough, fibrous
Leaves alternate, simple, petioled; blade generally palmately veined or lobed, stipules present
Inflorescence often leafy; whorl or involucre of bractlets often subtending calyx
Flower generally bisexual, radial; calyx lobes 5, margins abutting in bud; petals 5, free (fused at base to filament tube, so falling together); stamens many, filaments fused into a tube surrounding style, tube fused in turn to petal bases; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 5 or more, style branches, stigmas generally 1 or 2 X as many as chambers
Fruit of 5–many disk- or wedge-shaped segments, loculicidal capsule, or berry
Genera in family: 100 genera, 2000 species: worldwide, especially warm regions; some cultivated (e.g., Abelmoschus , okra; Alcea ; Gossypium , cotton; Hibiscus , Malvaviscus )
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Sterculiaceae [Angiosperm phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553; Alverson et al. 1999 Amer J Bot 86:1474–1486; Bayer et al. 1999 Bot J Linn Soc 129:267–303]
Mature fruit important for identification.

ABUTILON

INDIAN MALLOW

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, stellate-canescent, tomentose, or bristly-hairy
Stem decumbent to erect
Leaf: blade crenate or toothed, cordate, lobes generally 0
Inflorescence: flowers solitary in axils or in leafy panicles; bractlets subtending calyx 0
Flower: petals yellow to reddish; anthers borne at top of filament tube; stigmas head-like
Fruit ± cylindric to ± spheric; segments smooth-sided, beaked, walls firm, sometimes woody, generally not separating, dehiscent ± to base
Seeds 2–9 per fruit segment
Species in genus: 200 species: warm regions
Etymology: (Arabic name)
Reference: [Borssum Waalkes 1966 Blumea 14:159–177]

Native

A. parvulum A. Gray

Perennial
Stem 1–4 dm, slender, much-branched, ± decumbent from woody root, stellate-canescent
Leaf: blade 1–4.5 cm wide, ovate, cordate; hairs scattered, stellate
Flower: calyx 3–5 mm, << mature fruit; petals 3–6 mm, orange-pink to red
Fruit: segments generally 5, 7–9 mm, stellate-puberulent, beaks 1–2 mm, ± erect
Ecology: Uncommon. Arid, rocky slopes, shadscale scrub
Elevation: 900–1300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Desert Mountains (Providence Mtns)
Distribution outside California: to s Colorado, w Texas, n Mexico
Flowering time: Apr–May
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for ABUTILON%20parvulum being generated
 
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Abutilon parvulum
Retrieve dichotomous key for Abutilon
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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