Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Niall F. McCarten

Annual, perennial herb, shrub
Stem generally erect, branched, glabrous, hairy, or glandular
Leaves generally cauline, alternate, opposite, or whorled, simple, sessile, generally linear to ovate; stipules glandular or 0
Inflorescence: raceme or cyme, axillary, open to dense
Flower generally bisexual, radial, nodding in bud; sepals 4–5, free, glabrous, hairy, or margins gland-toothed; petals 4–5, free, blue, white, yellow, or pink, ephemeral; stamens 4–5, alternate petals, generally appendaged; staminodes alternate stamens or 0; ovary superior, chambers 2–5 but becoming 4–10 by growth of false septa, styles 2–5
Fruit: generally capsule
Genera in family: 13 genera, 300 species: worldwide, especially temp; some cultivated (Linum usitatissimum , flax, linseed; L. bienne, L. grandiflorum , ornamental)
Reference: [Robertson 1971 J Arnold Arbor 52: 649–665]



Annual, perennial herb
Stem 5–90 cm
Leaves alternate, opposite, or whorled, erect, glabrous or hairy; margins entire or gland-toothed
Inflorescence: raceme or cyme
Flower: sepals 5, margins generally translucent; petals 5, 8–25 mm; stamens 5; staminodes 5 or 0; ovary chambers 10, styles 5, free or not, stigmas > styles in width (spheric or ± elongate) or = styles in width (± linear)
Fruit 5–10 mm
Seeds 10, generally gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 200 species: temp & subtropical, especially Medit. Linum usitatissimum has been reported from D as a garden escape
Etymology: (Latin: flax)


L. bienne Mill.

Stem glabrous
Leaf 5–25 mm, linear
Inflorescence: pedicels 5–18 mm
Flower: sepals 4–6 mm, glabrous, rarely ciliate; petals 8–10 mm, blue; styles free, stigmas > styles in width, elongate
Seed 2–3 mm
Chromosomes: n=15
Ecology: Grasslands, woodlands
Elevation: 0–1000 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Central Coast
Distribution outside California: to Oregon; native to Mediterranean
Synonyms: L. angustifolium Huds

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