|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, carnivorous, of moist or aquatic habitats
Stem a caudex (Pinguicula ) or filamentous with alternate or whorled branch systems in place of leaves (Utricularia )
Leaves 0 or in basal rosette, simple
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, 1-flowered or scapose
Flower bisexual; calyx 2-lipped, generally 45-lobed; corolla 2-lipped, 5-lobed, spurred at base, lower lip arched and generally pouched upward, blocking throat; fertile stamens 2, epipetalous; ovary superior, chamber 1, placenta generally free-central; stigma unequally 2-lobed, ± sessile
Fruit: capsule, round, generally 2-valved (sometimes irregularly dehiscent)
Seeds generally many, small
Genera in family: 4 genera, 200 species: worldwide, especially tropical.
Perennial of moist ground
Leaves simple, in basal rosette, fleshy; margins entire, incurving over trapped prey; upper surface sticky or slimy, with stalked glands that capture small organisms, sessile glands that digest them
Inflorescence 1-flowered; bracts 0
Flower: calyx 5-lobed, upper lip 3-lobed; corolla lower lip generally not blocking throat
Species in genus: ± 50 species: Am, Eur, Medit
Etymology: (Latin: somewhat fat, from greasy leaf surface)
Reference: [Casper 1966 Biblioth Bot 127/128:1209]
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Inflorescences 15 per rosette, 12 dm
Leaf 25 cm, narrowly oblong to ovate
Flower: corolla (including spur) 23 cm, blue-violet (rarely white); lobes of lower lip obovate, margins overlapping, throat hairy, spur 69 mm
Ecology: Moist serpentine banks
Elevation: < 500 m.
Bioregional distribution: n Klamath Ranges (n Del Norte, w Siskiyou cos.)
Distribution outside California: sw Oregon
Synonyms: P. macroceras Link
Not always distinct from mostly circumboreal subsp. v., which has
Chromosomes: 2n=64. A subalpine, nonserpentine race is found from e OR to AK, w Can, Japan
Horticultural information: In cultivation.