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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

UMBELLULARIA

CALIFORNIA BAY, CALIFORNIA LAUREL, PEPPERWOOD


Species in genus: 1 sp
Etymology: (Latin: small umbrella from inflorescence)

Native

U. californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.

Shrub, tree, evergreen, very aromatic
Stem < 45 m; bark greenish to reddish brown
Leaf 3–10 cm, 1.5–3 cm wide, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, shiny, smooth, deep yellow-green; petiole short
Inflorescence: umbel in upper axils, simple, peduncled; flowers 6–10
Flower bisexual, yellow-green; sepals 6, 6–8 mm, oblong-ovate; stamens 9, inner 3 with 2 stalked orange glands at base
Fruit: drupe, generally solitary, 2–2.5 cm, round-ovoid, greenish, dark purple when dried, resembling an olive
Ecology: Common. Canyons, valleys, chaparral
Elevation: < 1600 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range Foothills, Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, scattered in Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges
Distribution outside California: s Oregon
Synonyms: var. fresnensis Eastw
Lf oils may produce TOXIC effects in some people. Known as Oregon myrtle in OR; used in cooking and by woodworkers
Horticultural information: 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 17, IRR: 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.

LENNOACEAE

LENNOA FAMILY

George Yatskievych

Annual, perennial herb, non-green root-parasite
Stem (actually a peduncle) fleshy, underground, generally unbranched, white or ± brown
Leaves scale-like, alternate
Inflorescence: panicle, spike, or head
Flower bisexual, ± radial; calyx lobes 4–10; corolla lobes 4–10; stamens as many as corolla lobes, epipetalous, included; ovary superior, chambers 10–32, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes 5–9
Fruit: capsule, circumscissile, hidden by persistent perianth
Seeds in a ring, 1 per chamber, ± reniform, flat, brown
Genera in family: 2 genera, 4 species: sw US to n South America, nowhere common; some historically harvested for food
Reference: [Yatskievych & Mason 1986 Syst Bot 11:531–548]

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