This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Shrub, tree, generally evergreen, aromatic, rarely dioecious
Leaves generally alternate, simple; surface with small pits or depressions; stipules 0
Inflorescence: panicle, raceme, umbel, rarely flowers solitary
Flower bi- or unisexual, generally yellow or greenish; calyx deeply 46-lobed, segments in 2 series; petals 0; stamens in 34 whorls of 3 each, some sterile, anthers 4-celled, opening by uplifting valves; pistil 1, simple, ovary generally superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, style 1
Fruit: berry or drupe
Genera in family: ± 45 genera, ± 2200 species: widely distributed in tropical, less so in temp; some cultivated (Laurus , laurel, bay, Persea , avocado, Cinnamomum , cinnamon, camphor, ).
Species in genus: 1 sp
Etymology: (Latin: small umbrella from inflorescence)
Shrub, tree, evergreen, very aromatic
Stem < 45 m; bark greenish to reddish brown
Leaf 310 cm, 1.53 cm wide, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, shiny, smooth, deep yellow-green; petiole short
Inflorescence: umbel in upper axils, simple, peduncled; flowers 610
Flower bisexual, yellow-green; sepals 6, 68 mm, oblong-ovate; stamens 9, inner 3 with 2 stalked orange glands at base
Fruit: drupe, generally solitary, 22.5 cm, round-ovoid, greenish, dark purple when dried, resembling an olive
Ecology: Common. Canyons, valleys, chaparral
Elevation: < 1600 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range Foothills, Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, scattered in Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges
Distribution outside California: s Oregon
Synonyms: var. fresnensis Eastw
Lf oils may produce TOXIC effects in some people. Known as Oregon myrtle in OR; used in cooking and by woodworkers
Horticultural information: 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 17, IRR: 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|