|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic
Stems generally erect, generally 4-angled
Leaves generally simple to deeply lobed, opposite, generally gland-dotted
Inflorescence: cyme, generally clustered around stem, head-like, separated by evident internodes (terminal in Monardella ) or collectively crowded, spike-like to panicle-like (sometimes raceme or flowers 212); subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 12-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, sometimes 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, generally exserted, paired, pairs unequal, sometimes 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base, chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2
Fruit: nutlets 4, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 5500 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula , lavender; Mentha , mint; Ocimum , basil; Rosmarinus , rosemary; Thymus , thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in CA Cedronella , Leonotis , Phlomis )
Reference: [Cantino & Sanders 1986 Syst Bot 11:163185]
Annual, shrub, strong-scented
Stem hairy, often glandular
Leaf simple; blade linear to ovate, entire
Inflorescence: cymes (racemes in T. lanceolatum), axillary
Flower: calyx lobes 5, equal or uppermost 1 narrower; corolla blue or lavender, tube straight or curved upward, sometimes abruptly near throat, included to much exserted from calyx, lobes 5, lowest a generally reflexed lip; stamens 4, attached near throat, generally much exserted, ascending between upper corolla lobes, generally arched
Fruit: nutlets 4, joined in basal ± 1/3, puberulent to hairy, irregularly ridged
Species in genus: ± 17 species: North America
Etymology: (Greek: hair, stamen)
Reference: [Lewis 1945 Brittonia 5:276303]
Annual species generally flowering late summer or fall.
Annual < 5 dmSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem: hairs long, spreading, some short-glandular
Leaf: petiole indistinct or < 5 mm; blade lanceolate to narrowly ovate
Flower: calyx lobes < 2 X tube, widest at base, acute, often red-tinged, uppermost narrower; corolla tube 3.54.5 mm, curved gradually upward, exserted, lower lip 2.53 mm; stamens 46 mm, exserted, arched
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Gravelly streambeds
Elevation: 3001000 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Inner North Coast Ranges (Napa Co.), c Sierra Nevada Foothills (Tuolumne, Mariposa cos.), Inner South Coast Ranges (San Benito Co.).