Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

LAMIACEAE

MINT FAMILY

Dieter H. Wilken, except as specifed

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic
Stems generally erect, generally 4-angled
Leaves generally simple to deeply lobed, opposite, generally gland-dotted
Inflorescence: cyme, generally clustered around stem, head-like, separated by evident internodes (terminal in Monardella ) or collectively crowded, spike-like to panicle-like (sometimes raceme or flowers 2–12); subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1–2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, sometimes 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, generally exserted, paired, pairs unequal, sometimes 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base, chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2
Fruit: nutlets 4, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 5500 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula , lavender; Mentha , mint; Ocimum , basil; Rosmarinus , rosemary; Thymus , thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in CA Cedronella , Leonotis , Phlomis )
Reference: [Cantino & Sanders 1986 Syst Bot 11:163–185]

SCUTELLARIA

SKULLCAP

Richard G. Olmstead

Perennial, generally hairy, sometimes glandular, from rhizomes or tubers
Stems erect, branched or not
Leaves basal and cauline; lower generally petioled; cauline becoming ± sessile upward
Inflorescence: flower generally 1 per leaf axil (or appearing as a bracted raceme)
Flower: calyx 2-lipped, lips ± equal, enclosing nutlets, back of upper lip dome-like or transversely ridged, generally with concave depression behind ridge; corolla 2-lipped, white to violet-blue, upper lip < lower lip, ± entire, hood-like, lower lip 3-lobed; stamens 4, pairs ± equal, enclosed by upper corolla lip, anthers ciliate, lower two 1-chambered; disk below ovary generally green-yellow
Fruit generally ovoid, generally minutely papillate, brown or black
Species in genus: ± 300 species: generally temp worldwide
Etymology: (Latin: tray, from calyx dome or ridge)
Reference: [Olmstead 1990 Contr Univ Michigan Herb 17:223–265]

Native

S. bolanderi A. Gray

Plant 30–100 cm; rhizomes slender, tips ± swollen
Stem: hairs 1–2 mm, spreading, often gland-tipped
Leaves: basal petioles 2–10 mm; upper cauline blades ovate to cordate, crenate (rarely entire), base truncate to ± lobed, tip rounded
Flower: pedicel 2–3 mm; calyx 3–5 mm, ridged; corolla 13–19 mm, white, lower lip blue-mottled, inner surface long-soft-hairy
Fruit brown to black
Ecology: Gravelly soils, streambanks, oak or pine woodland
Elevation: 300–2000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Sierra Nevada, Inner South Coast Ranges, San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges, s Mojave Desert.

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