Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

LAMIACEAE

MINT FAMILY

Dieter H. Wilken, except as specifed

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic
Stems generally erect, generally 4-angled
Leaves generally simple to deeply lobed, opposite, generally gland-dotted
Inflorescence: cyme, generally clustered around stem, head-like, separated by evident internodes (terminal in Monardella ) or collectively crowded, spike-like to panicle-like (sometimes raceme or flowers 2–12); subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1–2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, sometimes 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, generally exserted, paired, pairs unequal, sometimes 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base, chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2
Fruit: nutlets 4, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 5500 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula , lavender; Mentha , mint; Ocimum , basil; Rosmarinus , rosemary; Thymus , thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in CA Cedronella , Leonotis , Phlomis )
Reference: [Cantino & Sanders 1986 Syst Bot 11:163–185]

SATUREJA

Deborah Engle Averett

Perennial to shrub, decumbent to erect, < 2 m, aromatic
Leaf petioled; blade generally ovate-deltate, base truncate to tapered, margin entire to shallowly crenate-dentate, lower surface generally gland-dotted
Inflorescence: flowers 1–several in leaf axils
Flower: calyx 5-lobed, 2-lipped; corolla 5-lobed, white to lavender or salmon, 2-lipped, lower lip spreading, upper erect, 2-lobed; stamens 4, in 2 pairs, anther sacs spreading; style 2-lobed, exserted
Fruit 1–2 mm; surface smooth to net-like
Species in genus: 150 species: generally Medit, to Japan, Australia, also North America, South America
Etymology: (Latin: savory)
S. hortensis L. cultivated as herb (summer savory).

Native

S. mimuloides (Benth.) Briq.

Perennial to subshrub, erect, < 2 m
Stem nonwoody, except sometimes at base; hairs long, ± spreading
Leaf 35–80 mm, 15–55 mm wide, ± ovate to triangular, shallowly and irregularly crenate-dentate; hairs appressed, white
Inflorescence: flowers 1–6 per leaf axil; pedicels 2–3 cm
Flower: calyx 14–17 mm, tubular-bell-shaped, veins purple, lobes 3–5 mm; corolla 15–35 mm, salmon, often faded when dry
Fruit ± 2 mm, brown, surface smooth
Ecology: Moist places, streambanks, chaparral, woodland
Elevation: 400–1800 m.
Bioregional distribution: Central Coast, Outer South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges
Horticultural information: DRN, IRR: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.

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bioregional map for SATUREJA%20mimuloides being generated
 


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