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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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LAMIACEAE

MINT FAMILY

Dieter H. Wilken, except as specifed

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic
Stems generally erect, generally 4-angled
Leaves generally simple to deeply lobed, opposite, generally gland-dotted
Inflorescence: cyme, generally clustered around stem, head-like, separated by evident internodes (terminal in Monardella ) or collectively crowded, spike-like to panicle-like (sometimes raceme or flowers 2–12); subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1–2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, sometimes 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, generally exserted, paired, pairs unequal, sometimes 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base, chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2
Fruit: nutlets 4, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 5500 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula , lavender; Mentha , mint; Ocimum , basil; Rosmarinus , rosemary; Thymus , thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in CA Cedronella , Leonotis , Phlomis )
Reference: [Cantino & Sanders 1986 Syst Bot 11:163–185]

SALVIA

Deborah Engle Averett and Kurt R. Neisess

Annual, perennial herb, shrub
Leaf entire, lobed, or toothed, generally not spine-tipped
Inflorescence: clusters generally many-flowered, generally head-like, generally spheric, generally involucred, generally surrounding nodes in generally ± spike-like, generally interrupted panicles, or flowers 1–several per leaf axil
Flower: calyx generally 2-lipped, upper lip entire or of 3 generally shallow, sometimes spine-tipped lobes, lower lip generally of 2 generally spine-tipped lobes; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip 2-lobed to entire, lower lip with 3 spreading lobes (middle often expanded); fertile stamens 2, attached in throat, anther sacs 1–2 per stamen (if 2, then separate on thread-like structure, 1 fertile, > other); style forked at tip
Species in genus: ± 900 species: ± worldwide, especially tropical, subtropical Am
Etymology: (Latin: to save, from medicinal use)
Horticultural information: All species are excellent bee fodder and have edible seeds (a traditional food of native Californians).

Native

S. pachyphylla Munz

Shrub, prostrate, 20–80 cm, rooting at nodes, scaly
Leaf 20–50 mm, obovate to spoon-shaped; margins wavy, ± entire
Inflorescence: clusters 20–50 mm wide, 2–5 per flower stem; flower stem ± hidden between clusters; bracts 1–2 cm, papery, ovate to oblong-elliptic, greenish to purple or rose
Flower 8–13 mm; calyx = bracts in color, upper lip entire, obtuse to abruptly soft-pointed, 3–6 mm, lower lip 1–3 mm, lobes acuminate, not spine-tipped; corolla tube generally 13–23 mm, blue-violet to rose, upper lip entire, 4–6 mm, < lower lip; stamens and style exserted
Fruit: nutlet, 2.5–3 mm, tan to brown
Chromosomes: 2n=30
Ecology: Dry slopes, pinyon/juniper to yellow-pine forest
Elevation: 1400–2500 m.
Bioregional distribution: s High Sierra Nevada, Tehachapi Mountain Area, San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges, Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: Nevada, Arizona, n Baja California
Flowering time: Jul–Oct
Horticultural information: TRY; DFCLT.

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