|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic
Stems generally erect, generally 4-angled
Leaves generally simple to deeply lobed, opposite, generally gland-dotted
Inflorescence: cyme, generally clustered around stem, head-like, separated by evident internodes (terminal in Monardella ) or collectively crowded, spike-like to panicle-like (sometimes raceme or flowers 212); subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 12-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, sometimes 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, generally exserted, paired, pairs unequal, sometimes 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base, chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2
Fruit: nutlets 4, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 5500 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula , lavender; Mentha , mint; Ocimum , basil; Rosmarinus , rosemary; Thymus , thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in CA Cedronella , Leonotis , Phlomis )
Reference: [Cantino & Sanders 1986 Syst Bot 11:163185]
Annual, perennial herb, shrub
Leaf entire, lobed, or toothed, generally not spine-tipped
Inflorescence: clusters generally many-flowered, generally head-like, generally spheric, generally involucred, generally surrounding nodes in generally ± spike-like, generally interrupted panicles, or flowers 1several per leaf axil
Flower: calyx generally 2-lipped, upper lip entire or of 3 generally shallow, sometimes spine-tipped lobes, lower lip generally of 2 generally spine-tipped lobes; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip 2-lobed to entire, lower lip with 3 spreading lobes (middle often expanded); fertile stamens 2, attached in throat, anther sacs 12 per stamen (if 2, then separate on thread-like structure, 1 fertile, > other); style forked at tip
Species in genus: ± 900 species: ± worldwide, especially tropical, subtropical Am
Etymology: (Latin: to save, from medicinal use)
Horticultural information: All species are excellent bee fodder and have edible seeds (a traditional food of native Californians).
Shrub, 512 dm, densely branched, densely white-woollySee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaf 920 mm, ± ovate, short-petioled, generally deciduous; spines 1 at tip, in 12 pairs or 0 on margins
Inflorescence: flowers generally 3 per leaf axil
Flower: calyx 4.56 mm, lobes 5, subequal, triangular, spine-tipped; corolla tube 1216 mm, violet, rarely blue, upper lip 2-lobed, 22.5 mm, lower lip almost 2 X upper; stamens and style included
Fruit: nutlet ± 3 mm, brown, smooth
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Dry washes, canyons
Elevation: 0360 m.
Bioregional distribution: ne Mojave Desert (Death Valley, Amargosa and Panamint mtns)
Flowering time: MarJun
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|