|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
previous taxon |
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic
Stems generally erect, generally 4-angled
Leaves generally simple to deeply lobed, opposite, generally gland-dotted
Inflorescence: cyme, generally clustered around stem, head-like, separated by evident internodes (terminal in Monardella ) or collectively crowded, spike-like to panicle-like (sometimes raceme or flowers 212); subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 12-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, sometimes 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, generally exserted, paired, pairs unequal, sometimes 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base, chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2
Fruit: nutlets 4, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 5500 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula , lavender; Mentha , mint; Ocimum , basil; Rosmarinus , rosemary; Thymus , thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in CA Cedronella , Leonotis , Phlomis )
Reference: [Cantino & Sanders 1986 Syst Bot 11:163185]
Annual, perennial herb, shrub
Leaf entire, lobed, or toothed, generally not spine-tipped
Inflorescence: clusters generally many-flowered, generally head-like, generally spheric, generally involucred, generally surrounding nodes in generally ± spike-like, generally interrupted panicles, or flowers 1several per leaf axil
Flower: calyx generally 2-lipped, upper lip entire or of 3 generally shallow, sometimes spine-tipped lobes, lower lip generally of 2 generally spine-tipped lobes; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip 2-lobed to entire, lower lip with 3 spreading lobes (middle often expanded); fertile stamens 2, attached in throat, anther sacs 12 per stamen (if 2, then separate on thread-like structure, 1 fertile, > other); style forked at tip
Species in genus: ± 900 species: ± worldwide, especially tropical, subtropical Am
Etymology: (Latin: to save, from medicinal use)
Horticultural information: All species are excellent bee fodder and have edible seeds (a traditional food of native Californians).
Shrub, spreading to mat-forming, 1070 cm, densely white-scaly throughout
Leaf 430 mm, linear to spoon-shaped, ± entire
Inflorescence: clusters generally 1230 mm wide; bracts 512(14) mm, ± round
Flower: calyx generally 611 mm, blue, purple, or rose, upper lip generally entire, rounded, lobes of lower lip acute, not spine-tipped; corolla tube generally 613 mm, blue, rarely purple, rose, or white, upper lip 2-lobed, 23 mm, < lower; stamens and style exserted
Fruit: nutlet, 1.83.5 mm, gray to reddish brown
Ecology: Common. Dry, mostly rocky places
Elevation: 10004000 m.
Bioregional distribution: nw High Cascade Range, s High Sierra Nevada (e slope), Tehachapi Mountain Area, Great Basin Floristic Province, n Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: to Washington, Idaho, Utah, Arizona
Highly variable; vars. intergrade.
Leaf 620 mm, widest 213 mm from base, abruptly narrowed to petiole
Inflorescence: bract and calyx glabrous to scaly, margin hairs generally short
Ecology: Dry flats, slopes
Elevation: 8003100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Great Basin Floristic Province, n Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: to Oregon, Idaho, Utah, Arizona
Flowering time: MayJul
Synonyms: subsp. argentea (Rydb.) Munz; subsp. gilmanii (Epling) Abrams
Horticultural information: TRY.