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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

LAMIACEAE

MINT FAMILY

Dieter H. Wilken, except as specifed

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic
Stems generally erect, generally 4-angled
Leaves generally simple to deeply lobed, opposite, generally gland-dotted
Inflorescence: cyme, generally clustered around stem, head-like, separated by evident internodes (terminal in Monardella ) or collectively crowded, spike-like to panicle-like (sometimes raceme or flowers 2–12); subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1–2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, sometimes 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, generally exserted, paired, pairs unequal, sometimes 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base, chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2
Fruit: nutlets 4, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 5500 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula , lavender; Mentha , mint; Ocimum , basil; Rosmarinus , rosemary; Thymus , thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in CA Cedronella , Leonotis , Phlomis )
Reference: [Cantino & Sanders 1986 Syst Bot 11:163–185]

SALVIA

Deborah Engle Averett and Kurt R. Neisess

Annual, perennial herb, shrub
Leaf entire, lobed, or toothed, generally not spine-tipped
Inflorescence: clusters generally many-flowered, generally head-like, generally spheric, generally involucred, generally surrounding nodes in generally ± spike-like, generally interrupted panicles, or flowers 1–several per leaf axil
Flower: calyx generally 2-lipped, upper lip entire or of 3 generally shallow, sometimes spine-tipped lobes, lower lip generally of 2 generally spine-tipped lobes; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip 2-lobed to entire, lower lip with 3 spreading lobes (middle often expanded); fertile stamens 2, attached in throat, anther sacs 1–2 per stamen (if 2, then separate on thread-like structure, 1 fertile, > other); style forked at tip
Species in genus: ± 900 species: ± worldwide, especially tropical, subtropical Am
Etymology: (Latin: to save, from medicinal use)
Horticultural information: All species are excellent bee fodder and have edible seeds (a traditional food of native Californians).

Native

S. dorrii (Kellogg) Abrams

Shrub, spreading to mat-forming, 10–70 cm, densely white-scaly throughout
Leaf 4–30 mm, linear to spoon-shaped, ± entire
Inflorescence: clusters generally 12–30 mm wide; bracts 5–12(14) mm, ± round
Flower: calyx generally 6–11 mm, blue, purple, or rose, upper lip generally entire, rounded, lobes of lower lip acute, not spine-tipped; corolla tube generally 6–13 mm, blue, rarely purple, rose, or white, upper lip 2-lobed, 2–3 mm, < lower; stamens and style exserted
Fruit: nutlet, 1.8–3.5 mm, gray to reddish brown
Chromosomes: 2n=30
Ecology: Common. Dry, mostly rocky places
Elevation: 1000–4000 m.
Bioregional distribution: nw High Cascade Range, s High Sierra Nevada (e slope), Tehachapi Mountain Area, Great Basin Floristic Province, n Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: to Washington, Idaho, Utah, Arizona
Highly variable; vars. intergrade.

Native

var. dorrii


Leaf 6–20 mm, widest 2–13 mm from base, abruptly narrowed to petiole
Inflorescence: bract and calyx glabrous to scaly, margin hairs generally short
Ecology: Dry flats, slopes
Elevation: 800–3100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Great Basin Floristic Province, n Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: to Oregon, Idaho, Utah, Arizona
Flowering time: May–Jul
Synonyms: subsp. argentea (Rydb.) Munz; subsp. gilmanii (Epling) Abrams
Horticultural information: TRY.

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