|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
previous taxon |
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic
Stems generally erect, generally 4-angled
Leaves generally simple to deeply lobed, opposite, generally gland-dotted
Inflorescence: cyme, generally clustered around stem, head-like, separated by evident internodes (terminal in Monardella ) or collectively crowded, spike-like to panicle-like (sometimes raceme or flowers 212); subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 12-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, sometimes 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, generally exserted, paired, pairs unequal, sometimes 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base, chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2
Fruit: nutlets 4, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 5500 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula , lavender; Mentha , mint; Ocimum , basil; Rosmarinus , rosemary; Thymus , thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in CA Cedronella , Leonotis , Phlomis )
Reference: [Cantino & Sanders 1986 Syst Bot 11:163185]
Annual, hairy or not, gland-dotted, aromatic
Stem decumbent to erect, branched or not
Leaf linear to round, entire to toothed, bristly-ciliate, short-petioled
Inflorescence: clusters, head-like or interrupted, terminal and axillary, or flowers solitary in axils; bracts 2 or more, bristly-ciliate
Flower: calyx 2-lipped, lobes 5, deep, glabrous to coarse-hairy; corolla 2-lipped, lavender, purple, or white, raised area on lower lip sometimes spotted; stamens 24, upper 2 sometimes sterile and vestigial or 0; style hairy below stigma lobes
Species in genus: 7 species: CA (generally CA-FP); OR, Baja CA
Etymology: (Greek: bearded style)
Reference: [Howell 1931 Proc Cal Acad Sci 20(3):105128]
Fl generally MarJun; Jul in some high-elevation P. douglasii; JunAug in P. floribunda (MP).
Stem ascending to erect, simple or branched above, stout
Inflorescence: clusters head-like, dense, terminal and axillary
Flower: calyx tube 2.55 mm, lobes 1.56 mm; corolla 48 mm, lavender to purple; stamens 24, upper 2 vestigial; style sparsely hairy just below stigma lobes
Fruit 1.52.5 mm
Ecology: Vernal pools, depressions
Elevation: < 400 m.
Bioregional distribution: Outer North Coast Ranges, n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills, Great Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area
Distribution outside California: s Oregon
Horticultural information: STBL.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|