Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Dieter H. Wilken, except as specifed

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic
Stems generally erect, generally 4-angled
Leaves generally simple to deeply lobed, opposite, generally gland-dotted
Inflorescence: cyme, generally clustered around stem, head-like, separated by evident internodes (terminal in Monardella ) or collectively crowded, spike-like to panicle-like (sometimes raceme or flowers 2–12); subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1–2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, sometimes 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, generally exserted, paired, pairs unequal, sometimes 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base, chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2
Fruit: nutlets 4, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 5500 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula , lavender; Mentha , mint; Ocimum , basil; Rosmarinus , rosemary; Thymus , thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in CA Cedronella , Leonotis , Phlomis )
Reference: [Cantino & Sanders 1986 Syst Bot 11:163–185]


James D. Jokerst

Annual, hairy or not, gland-dotted, aromatic
Stem decumbent to erect, branched or not
Leaf linear to round, entire to toothed, bristly-ciliate, short-petioled
Inflorescence: clusters, head-like or interrupted, terminal and axillary, or flowers solitary in axils; bracts 2 or more, bristly-ciliate
Flower: calyx 2-lipped, lobes 5, deep, glabrous to coarse-hairy; corolla 2-lipped, lavender, purple, or white, raised area on lower lip sometimes spotted; stamens 2–4, upper 2 sometimes sterile and vestigial or 0; style hairy below stigma lobes
Fruit hairy
Species in genus: 7 species: CA (generally CA-FP); OR, Baja CA
Etymology: (Greek: bearded style)
Reference: [Howell 1931 Proc Cal Acad Sci 20(3):105–128]
Fl generally Mar–Jun; Jul in some high-elevation P. douglasii; Jun–Aug in P. floribunda (MP).


P. nudiuscula A. Gray


Plant hairs 0 or sparse, short, generally straight, bristle-like
Stem erect, stout, often 0.8–1 mm diam at inflorescence base
Inflorescence 10–20 mm wide; bracts green, tips acute
Flower: calyx glabrous to sparsely hairy, tube 3–5 mm, lobes 2–5 mm, tips not flat; corolla 11–14 mm, bell-shaped, sparsely hairy; style hairy 1.5–4 mm below stigma lobes
Fruit ± 1.5 mm
Ecology: Vernal pools on coastal mesas
Elevation: 100–250 m.
Bioregional distribution: s South Coast (San Diego Co.)
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Endangered by urbanization.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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