|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic
Stems generally erect, generally 4-angled
Leaves generally simple to deeply lobed, opposite, generally gland-dotted
Inflorescence: cyme, generally clustered around stem, head-like, separated by evident internodes (terminal in Monardella ) or collectively crowded, spike-like to panicle-like (sometimes raceme or flowers 212); subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 12-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, sometimes 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, generally exserted, paired, pairs unequal, sometimes 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base, chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2
Fruit: nutlets 4, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 5500 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula , lavender; Mentha , mint; Ocimum , basil; Rosmarinus , rosemary; Thymus , thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in CA Cedronella , Leonotis , Phlomis )
Reference: [Cantino & Sanders 1986 Syst Bot 11:163185]
Annual, hairy or not, gland-dotted, aromatic
Stem decumbent to erect, branched or not
Leaf linear to round, entire to toothed, bristly-ciliate, short-petioled
Inflorescence: clusters, head-like or interrupted, terminal and axillary, or flowers solitary in axils; bracts 2 or more, bristly-ciliate
Flower: calyx 2-lipped, lobes 5, deep, glabrous to coarse-hairy; corolla 2-lipped, lavender, purple, or white, raised area on lower lip sometimes spotted; stamens 24, upper 2 sometimes sterile and vestigial or 0; style hairy below stigma lobes
Species in genus: 7 species: CA (generally CA-FP); OR, Baja CA
Etymology: (Greek: bearded style)
Reference: [Howell 1931 Proc Cal Acad Sci 20(3):105128]
Fl generally MarJun; Jul in some high-elevation P. douglasii; JunAug in P. floribunda (MP).
Plant hairs 0 or sparse, short, generally straight, bristle-likeSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem erect, stout, often 0.81 mm diam at inflorescence base
Inflorescence 1020 mm wide; bracts green, tips acute
Flower: calyx glabrous to sparsely hairy, tube 35 mm, lobes 25 mm, tips not flat; corolla 1114 mm, bell-shaped, sparsely hairy; style hairy 1.54 mm below stigma lobes
Fruit ± 1.5 mm
Ecology: Vernal pools on coastal mesas
Elevation: 100250 m.
Bioregional distribution: s South Coast (San Diego Co.)
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Endangered by urbanization.