|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic
Stems generally erect, generally 4-angled
Leaves generally simple to deeply lobed, opposite, generally gland-dotted
Inflorescence: cyme, generally clustered around stem, head-like, separated by evident internodes (terminal in Monardella ) or collectively crowded, spike-like to panicle-like (sometimes raceme or flowers 212); subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 12-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, sometimes 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, generally exserted, paired, pairs unequal, sometimes 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base, chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2
Fruit: nutlets 4, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 5500 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula , lavender; Mentha , mint; Ocimum , basil; Rosmarinus , rosemary; Thymus , thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in CA Cedronella , Leonotis , Phlomis )
Reference: [Cantino & Sanders 1986 Syst Bot 11:163185]
Annual, hairy or not, gland-dotted, aromatic
Stem decumbent to erect, branched or not
Leaf linear to round, entire to toothed, bristly-ciliate, short-petioled
Inflorescence: clusters, head-like or interrupted, terminal and axillary, or flowers solitary in axils; bracts 2 or more, bristly-ciliate
Flower: calyx 2-lipped, lobes 5, deep, glabrous to coarse-hairy; corolla 2-lipped, lavender, purple, or white, raised area on lower lip sometimes spotted; stamens 24, upper 2 sometimes sterile and vestigial or 0; style hairy below stigma lobes
Species in genus: 7 species: CA (generally CA-FP); OR, Baja CA
Etymology: (Greek: bearded style)
Reference: [Howell 1931 Proc Cal Acad Sci 20(3):105128]
Fl generally MarJun; Jul in some high-elevation P. douglasii; JunAug in P. floribunda (MP).
Plant hairs dense, long, generally curved, coarseSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem spreading to erect, generally 0.50.8 mm diam at inflorescence base
Inflorescence 810 mm wide; bracts often purple-tinged, tips acuminate
Flower: calyx densely white-hairy, especially on nerves, tube 22.5 mm, lobes 25 mm, tips not flat; corolla 1012 mm, bell-shaped, hairs sparse; style hairy 24 mm below stigma lobes
Fruit 11.5 mm
Ecology: Vernal pools of coastal terraces
Elevation: 100200 m.
Bioregional distribution: s South Coast (San Diego Co.). Threatened by urbanization.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|