|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic
Stems generally erect, generally 4-angled
Leaves generally simple to deeply lobed, opposite, generally gland-dotted
Inflorescence: cyme, generally clustered around stem, head-like, separated by evident internodes (terminal in Monardella ) or collectively crowded, spike-like to panicle-like (sometimes raceme or flowers 212); subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 12-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, sometimes 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, generally exserted, paired, pairs unequal, sometimes 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base, chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2
Fruit: nutlets 4, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 5500 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula , lavender; Mentha , mint; Ocimum , basil; Rosmarinus , rosemary; Thymus , thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in CA Cedronella , Leonotis , Phlomis )
Reference: [Cantino & Sanders 1986 Syst Bot 11:163185]
Annual, hairy or not, gland-dotted, aromatic
Stem decumbent to erect, branched or not
Leaf linear to round, entire to toothed, bristly-ciliate, short-petioled
Inflorescence: clusters, head-like or interrupted, terminal and axillary, or flowers solitary in axils; bracts 2 or more, bristly-ciliate
Flower: calyx 2-lipped, lobes 5, deep, glabrous to coarse-hairy; corolla 2-lipped, lavender, purple, or white, raised area on lower lip sometimes spotted; stamens 24, upper 2 sometimes sterile and vestigial or 0; style hairy below stigma lobes
Species in genus: 7 species: CA (generally CA-FP); OR, Baja CA
Etymology: (Greek: bearded style)
Reference: [Howell 1931 Proc Cal Acad Sci 20(3):105128]
Fl generally MarJun; Jul in some high-elevation P. douglasii; JunAug in P. floribunda (MP).
Plant hairs dense, long, generally curved, coarseSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem spreading to erect, generally 0.50.8 mm diam at inflorescence base
Inflorescence 810 mm wide; bracts often purple-tinged, tips acuminate
Flower: calyx densely white-hairy, especially on nerves, tube 22.5 mm, lobes 25 mm, tips not flat; corolla 1012 mm, bell-shaped, hairs sparse; style hairy 24 mm below stigma lobes
Fruit 11.5 mm
Ecology: Vernal pools of coastal terraces
Elevation: 100200 m.
Bioregional distribution: s South Coast (San Diego Co.). Threatened by urbanization.