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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Dieter H. Wilken, except as specifed

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic
Stems generally erect, generally 4-angled
Leaves generally simple to deeply lobed, opposite, generally gland-dotted
Inflorescence: cyme, generally clustered around stem, head-like, separated by evident internodes (terminal in Monardella ) or collectively crowded, spike-like to panicle-like (sometimes raceme or flowers 2–12); subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1–2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, sometimes 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, generally exserted, paired, pairs unequal, sometimes 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base, chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2
Fruit: nutlets 4, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 5500 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula , lavender; Mentha , mint; Ocimum , basil; Rosmarinus , rosemary; Thymus , thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in CA Cedronella , Leonotis , Phlomis )
Reference: [Cantino & Sanders 1986 Syst Bot 11:163–185]



Annual, perennial herb, generally short-hairy
Stems erect, generally branched
Leaf petioled to sessile
Inflorescences axillary, each head-like; lower subtended by leaves; upper by bracts
Flower: calyx 5-lobed; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip entire or ± 2-lobed, hood-like, arched, lower lip generally 2–3-lobed, central lobe generally > lateral lobes; stamens 2, ascending under upper lip, = or > upper lip; style unequally lobed
Species in genus: 16 species: North America
Etymology: (Nicolas Monardes, Spanish physician and botanist, 1493–1588)
Reference: [Scora 1967 Univ Calif Publ Bot 41:1–71]
Some cultivated for flowers, tea.


M. pectinata Nutt.

Stem 1.5–3.5 dm; hairs short, ± curled down
Leaf short-petioled to subsessile; blade 1.5–4 cm, generally oblong to lanceolate, entire to serrate, ± glabrous to finely strigose especially on veins
Inflorescence: subtending leaves gradually reduced upward, uppermost ± 4–7 mm, ovate
Flower: calyx tube 6–8 mm, throat densely puberulent within, lobes 2–4 mm, long-acuminate; corolla 12–25 mm, white to pink, lower lip sometimes purple-spotted
Chromosomes: 2n=18,36
Ecology: Washes, rocky slopes, pinyon/juniper woodland
Elevation: 1150–1500 m.
Bioregional distribution: e Desert Mountains (New York Mtns)
Distribution outside California: to w Great Plains, n Mexico
Flowering time: Jul–Sep
Horticultural information: TRY.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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