Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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EQUISETACEAE

HORSETAIL FAMILY

Richard L. Hauke

Perennial from rhizome (above ground stem annual or perennial herb)
Stem generally erect, ridged lengthwise, hollow except at nodes, sometimes of 2 kinds (sterile, fertile); branches 0 or whorled and alternate leaves, sometimes solid
Leaves scale-like, whorled, fused into nodal sheath with as many teeth as leaves, generally not green
Sporangia several on inner surface of peltate scales that are clustered into a terminal cone; spores of 1 kind per sp., spheric, green, unmarked, with 4 strap-like appendages
Genera in family: 1 genus, 15 species: worldwide except Australia, New Zealand
Reference: [Hauke 1978 Nova Hedwigia 30:385–455]

EQUISETUM

HORSETAIL, SCOURING RUSH


Etymology: (Latin: horse, bristle, from roots of E. fluviatile L.)

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