Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Richard R. Halse, except as specified; Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally hairy, generally taprooted
Stem prostrate to erect
Leaves simple to pinnately compound, basal or cauline, alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cyme (generally raceme-like and coiled) or flowers solitary
Flower bisexual, generally radial; calyx lobes generally 5, generally fused at base, generally persistent, enlarging in fruit; corolla generally deciduous, rotate to cylindric, lobes generally 5, appendages in pairs on tube between filaments or 0; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, filament base sometimes appendaged, appendages scale-like; ovary generally superior, chamber 1, placentas 2, parietal, enlarged into chamber, sometimes meeting so ovary appears 2–5-chambered, styles 1–2, stigmas generally head-like
Fruit: capsule, generally loculicidal; valves generally 2
Genera in family: 20 genera, 300 species: especially w US; some cultivated (Emmenanthe, Nemophila, Phacelia )
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to be included in an expanded Boraginaceae (also including Lennoaceae) [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553; Olmstead et al. 2000 Mol Phylog Evol 16:96–112]


Stem simple to openly branched, prostrate to erect, fleshy, brittle, angled or winged, glabrous to generally bristly
Leaves simple, cauline, opposite or alternate; petiole generally bristly-ciliate; blade pinnately toothed or lobed, generally bristly, upper generally reduced
Inflorescence: flowers solitary in axils or opposite leaves; pedicels longer in fruit, recurved
Flower: calyx bell-shaped to rotate, sinuses generally with spreading or reflexed appendages; corolla bell-shaped to rotate, white, blue, or purple, sometimes spotted or marked; stamens included; ovary chamber 1, style 1, generally lobed 1/3–1/2
Fruit generally 2–7 mm wide, spheric to ovoid, hairy, generally enclosed by calyx
Seeds ovoid, smooth, wrinkled or pitted, with a conic, colorless appendage at 1 end
Species in genus: 11 species: se US, w North America
Etymology: (Greek: woodland-loving)
Reference: [Constance 1941 Univ CA Publ Bot 19:341–398]


N. parviflora Benth.

Stem glabrous or soft- to bristly-hairy
Leaves opposite or alternate; lower leaves cut or shallowly lobed, lobes dissimilar, merging or not stalked
Inflorescence: pedicels 2–15 mm in flower, < 30 mm in fruit
Flower: calyx lobes 1–3 mm, appendages < 1 mm; corolla 2–4 mm, 1–5 mm wide, bell-shaped, white or blue; filaments < or = corolla tube; style < 2 mm
Seeds 2–4, yellow to brick-red, smooth but shallowly pitted
Ecology: Meadows, forests, woodlands, roadsides, slopes
Elevation: < 2300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Sierra Nevada (except n Sierra Nevada Foothills, s High Sierra Nevada), Central Western California, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Idaho, Utah


var. quercifolia (Eastw.) Chandler


Stem: hairs soft, shaggy, or wavy
Leaves opposite; base truncate or cordate; lobes 5–7, shallow, ± rounded; hairs dense, long, soft, wavy; upper leaves short-stalked
Flower: corolla 3–5 mm wide
Chromosomes: n=9
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Forests, slopes, ravines
Elevation: 700–2200 m.
Bioregional distribution: c Sierra Nevada, s Sierra Nevada Foothills, Tehachapi Mountain Area.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for NEMOPHILA%20parviflora%20var.%20quercifolia being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Nemophila parviflora var. quercifolia
Retrieve dichotomous key for Nemophila
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
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