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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Richard R. Halse, except as specified; Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally hairy, generally taprooted
Stem prostrate to erect
Leaves simple to pinnately compound, basal or cauline, alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cyme (generally raceme-like and coiled) or flowers solitary
Flower bisexual, generally radial; calyx lobes generally 5, generally fused at base, generally persistent, enlarging in fruit; corolla generally deciduous, rotate to cylindric, lobes generally 5, appendages in pairs on tube between filaments or 0; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, filament base sometimes appendaged, appendages scale-like; ovary generally superior, chamber 1, placentas 2, parietal, enlarged into chamber, sometimes meeting so ovary appears 2–5-chambered, styles 1–2, stigmas generally head-like
Fruit: capsule, generally loculicidal; valves generally 2
Genera in family: 20 genera, 300 species: especially w US; some cultivated (Emmenanthe, Nemophila, Phacelia )
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to be included in an expanded Boraginaceae (also including Lennoaceae) [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553; Olmstead et al. 2000 Mol Phylog Evol 16:96–112]



John D. Bacon

Generally annual, hairy
Leaves cauline, generally alternate, simple; margin entire, wavy, crenate, or rolled under
Inflorescence: clusters (generally terminal, leafy) or flowers solitary or paired in axils, not coiled
Flower: corolla salverform to bell-shaped; stamens generally attached to corolla at different levels, generally unequal, portion fused to corolla generally narrowly winged; scales at filament base 0
Fruit generally loculicidal, ovoid to elliptic
Seeds generally many, small, reddish brown, brown, black or yellow
Species in genus: ± 55 species: sw US, tropical Am, Hawaii
Etymology: (Greek: a stream)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1933 Amer J Bot 20:415–430, 518–534]


N. stenocarpum A. Gray

Plant short-soft-silky-hairy and short-glandular-hairy; some hairs stiff and swollen at base
Stem prostrate to ascending, freely branched, 8–40 cm
Leaf 5–30 mm, oblanceolate, oblong, or spoon-shaped, margins wavy, generally slightly rolled under; base generally slightly clasping stem; petiole 0(–3) mm
Inflorescence: pedicels < or = 5 mm
Flower: sepals 3–6 mm (–9 mm in fruit), oblanceolate to spoon-shaped, generally bristly; corolla 4–6 mm, ± funnel-shaped, white to cream, limb 3–5 mm diam, lobes 1–2 mm, 2–3 mm wide; stamens 2–4 mm, attached 0.5–1.5 mm above corolla base, filament generally toothed at attachment point; ovary partly inferior, styles 1–2 mm, generally fused at base
Fruit 3–9 mm
Seed ± 0.5 mm, irregularly angled, tan to brown; surface honeycombed
Chromosomes: 2n=14
Ecology: Intermittently wet areas
Elevation: < 500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Southwestern California
Distribution outside California: to Texas, Mexico

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