Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Richard R. Halse, except as specified; Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally hairy, generally taprooted
Stem prostrate to erect
Leaves simple to pinnately compound, basal or cauline, alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cyme (generally raceme-like and coiled) or flowers solitary
Flower bisexual, generally radial; calyx lobes generally 5, generally fused at base, generally persistent, enlarging in fruit; corolla generally deciduous, rotate to cylindric, lobes generally 5, appendages in pairs on tube between filaments or 0; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, filament base sometimes appendaged, appendages scale-like; ovary generally superior, chamber 1, placentas 2, parietal, enlarged into chamber, sometimes meeting so ovary appears 2–5-chambered, styles 1–2, stigmas generally head-like
Fruit: capsule, generally loculicidal; valves generally 2
Genera in family: 20 genera, 300 species: especially w US; some cultivated (Emmenanthe, Nemophila, Phacelia )
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to be included in an expanded Boraginaceae (also including Lennoaceae) [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553; Olmstead et al. 2000 Mol Phylog Evol 16:96–112]



John D. Bacon

Generally annual, hairy
Leaves cauline, generally alternate, simple; margin entire, wavy, crenate, or rolled under
Inflorescence: clusters (generally terminal, leafy) or flowers solitary or paired in axils, not coiled
Flower: corolla salverform to bell-shaped; stamens generally attached to corolla at different levels, generally unequal, portion fused to corolla generally narrowly winged; scales at filament base 0
Fruit generally loculicidal, ovoid to elliptic
Seeds generally many, small, reddish brown, brown, black or yellow
Species in genus: ± 55 species: sw US, tropical Am, Hawaii
Etymology: (Greek: a stream)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1933 Amer J Bot 20:415–430, 518–534]


N. hispidum A. Gray var. spathulatum (Torr.) C.L. Hitchc.

Plant generally mealy-glandular; hairs generally dense, fine to bristly-strigose, base generally swollen
Stem ascending to erect, simple or freely branched, 7–30 cm
Leaf 1–5 cm, linear to spoon-shaped, ± rolled under; base long-tapered; petiole 0
Inflorescence: pedicels 0–4 mm
Flower: sepals 4–10 mm, ± linear to oblanceolate; corolla 10–15 mm, salverform to narrowly bell-shaped, blue to purple-lavender, limb 5–14 mm diam, lobes 1–4 mm, 2–5 mm wide; stamens 2–6 mm, attached 1–4 mm from corolla base; styles 1–4 mm
Fruit 3–6 mm
Seed 0.3–0.7 mm, fusiform, yellow to orange; surface net-like
Chromosomes: 2n=14
Ecology: Dry, sandy or gravelly flats, slopes
Elevation: < 600 m.
Bioregional distribution: Southwestern California, Desert
Distribution outside California: to Texas, Mexico
Flowering time: Mar–May
Synonyms: var. revolutum Jeps

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